Voluntary departure: (most common) respondent has clean criminal record and the means to pay for own travel — given 120 days to leave if relief is granted before removal proceedings end, though judge has discretion in setting an earlier deadline; given 60 days to leave if granted at the conclusion of proceedings.
Cancellation of Removal: available to lawful permanent residents — granted if individual has been lawful permanent resident for at least five years, resided in U.S. at least seven years after being lawfully admitted, no “aggravated felony” convictions,
For non-Lawful Permanent Resident: present for at least 10 years, good moral character, no convictions that would make him/her removable, shows removal would be an extremely unusual hardship to immediate family members who are U.S. citizens or LPRs.
Asylum: must prove that he/she has or would experience persecution in his/her home country by the government or a group the government is unwilling/unable to control on the basis of the individual’s race, religion, nationality, political beliefs or belonging to certain social group or category, fear of torture
Adjustment of status: change status from non-immigrant to Lawful Permanent Resident.