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How and why the Wolves are winning with defense

Andrei Kirilenko
REUTERS/Adam Hunger
Forward Andrei Kirilenko blocks a shot by Brooklyn Nets forward Kris Humphries in the first quarter of their NBA game on Nov. 5.

The Minnesota Timberwolves are on an underdog’s spree, winning games they were supposed to lose, storming up the standings while their two best players recuperate on the sidelines and creating a rare and marvelous sensation that this team has a chimerical blend of grit and grace. Monday night’s successful grapple with the Dallas Mavericks provided the latest, and arguably most satisfying, example thus far.

Playing on the road against an opponent widely regarded as a formidable rival in what will be a multi-team scrum for the final playoff spots in the West come April, the Wolves’ roster had been strafed by injuries, to the point where five of its top seven players were in street clothes. They lost a sixth, leading scorer Nikola Pekovic, to a sprained ankle in the third quarter.

No matter. This remnant collection of gritty scrubs reduced the NBA’s third-most-efficient offense to 40.3 percent shooting accuracy from the field. The Mavs had averaged more than 116 points in their three previous home games. The Wolves permitted them 82, grabbing the lead less than three minutes into the first quarter and refusing to let go en route to posting their fifth win in the season’s first seven games.

In the afterglow of such a blue-collar triumph, one can savor the comprehensive makeover in team chemistry and character that was enacted by the Wolves’ brain trust during the off-season. Last year’s roster was pockmarked by high-profile underachievers such as Darko Milicic, Michael Beasley and Wes Johnson, who were all chosen among the top four players in the year each was eligible for the NBA draft. They have been replaced by low-profile overachievers like Greg Stiemsma, Dante Cunningham and Chase Budinger, who were all bypassed in the entire first rounds of their respective NBA drafts.

Nowhere is this personality transplant more evident than in the team’s dedication to defense thus far this season. Last year, the Wolves ranked 25th out of 30 NBA teams in defensive efficiency (which is measured by the number of points allowed per possession to opponents). Even that dismal placement obscures how much the team laid down like dogs after then-rookie wunderkind Ricky Rubio was sidelined with a knee injury more than halfway through the season, a time when the Wolves’ defensive efficiency was only slightly below average.

By contrast, after seven games this season (an admittedly small sample size), Minnesota’s defensive efficiency is second-best in franchise history, behind only the 2003-04 team that won more games and advanced further in the playoffs than any other edition of the Wolves.

Even at the NBA level, the key ingredient required for quality defensive play is no great secret: You need a persistent and coordinated effort from your personnel — sweat equity. The trick is finding the right combination of motivations and machinations that inspires your players to defend “harder and smarter.” In that vein, here’s my take on how the Wolves fostered their dramatic upgrade.

Signing Kirilenko as ‘go to’ defender

Obtaining a versatile wing defender was appropriately the top priority of coach Rick Adelman over the summer. The Wolves initially targeted restricted free agent Nicolas Batum, but received a blessing in disguise when Portland matched their offer for Batum, compelling them to negotiate with Andrei Kirilenko as Plan B. Although “AK47” lacks Batum’s offensive prowess and long-term upside (at 31, he’s nearly eight years older than Batum), he possesses the ideal skill set and emotional makeup to spearhead the Wolves’ defense over the next two seasons.

At a wiry 6-9, he is capable of defending every position on the court, although he’s most effective covering the opponent’s most prolific scorer at small forward or shooting guard. He made a splash early in his career with Utah, leading the NBA in blocked shots in 2004-05, ranking among the top five in steals in 2003-04, and earning NBA All-Defensive team honors three years running from 2003 through 2006. But he also bore the brunt of numerous tongue-lashings from crusty coach Jerry Sloan and was notoriously reduced to tears after Sloan benched him for lack of offensive production during the 2007 playoffs.

After a decade in Utah, Kirilenko used Sloan’s resignation, his own expired contract and the lockout of the players by management as a cue to recharge his batteries by playing in his native Russia last season. He returns to the NBA as the most veteran member of a Wolves roster that is desperate for defensive leadership and thus far has been both inspirationally steady and strategically spectacular in that role, a stabilizer and a catalyst, leading by silent example and vocal instruction.

Even now, slightly past his athletic prime, he possesses a combination of length and wingspan that few NBA players can match. If there is a flaw in his defensive game, it’s that his faith in his own ability leads him to freelance outside Adelman’s system -- occasionally confusing teammates by doggedly staying with his man (something Sloan always preached) rather than rotating, or impulsively flashing over for a steal or double-team. That said, his defensive mechanics are so fundamentally sound that he is rarely gulled into fouls, and his presence creates a chain-reaction commitment to defense not seen on this team since the heyday of Kevin Garnett. (The nuance and surprising efficiency of his offensive game cements his status as the team’s MVP thus far, but that’s another subject for a different column.)

The team’s evolution on defense

During the Kurt Rambis era, there was a classic chicken-or-egg conundrum when it came to dysfunctional defense. Beasley and some of the other chuckleheads on the roster probably wondered about the value of stopping their opponent, given that a deluge of turnovers caused by their ill-suited attempt to run Rambis’ triangle offense was likely going to sabotage their efforts anyway. When your record is 32-132 over a two-year span, it is hard to get motivated to perform the scut work of defense. By the same token, that lack of commitment is why you are 32-132.

The arrival of Rubio and Adelman and the blossoming of Kevin Love began to change that dynamic last season. Suddenly, the team had an offense potent enough to compete. Meanwhile, Rubio’s surprising excellence defending on the perimeter last year created a minor version of the infectious enthusiasm for defense being generated by Kirilenko this season — but it promptly disintegrated when Rubio tore up his knee in March.

This season, the rewards of a rugged team defense are even more obvious and substantial. Most observers would agree that when Love and Rubio are healthy, the Wolves have enough talent to make a serious push for the playoffs. It is up to the rest of the roster to ensure that the team doesn’t stumble out of the gate woefully enough to pre-empt those playoff hopes. The best way to do that, especially for scrappy role players like Cunningham and Stiemsma, is to keep grinding at the defensive end.

And as injuries keep pruning the team’s best scorers from the rotation, the need to win through defense becomes more acute. Adelman reinforced that message by starting Malcolm Lee over Alexey Shved at off guard Monday night because he figured Lee would be more effective defending the Mavericks’ O.J. Mayo. The bottom line is that, compared with two or three years ago, players committed to defense are likely to get more playing time and win more games.

Adelman and Bayno

Adelman is rightly regarded as an offensive mastermind, but his commitment to defense is underrated, in part because the up-tempo pace often deployed by his teams tends to run up the score for both sides. Over the course of his career, teams he coached in Portland, Sacramento and Houston all cracked the NBA’s top seven in defensive efficiency multiple times. Finally given a chance to offer his first appraisal of the Wolves’ personnel after the lockout at the beginning of last season, he castigated the defense and said changing its performance would be a top priority.

Assistant coach Bill Bayno has been the point person for that endeavor. An obsessive student of the game whose intensity has burned him out in previous head coaching stints, Bayno has learned to circumscribe his duties. Yet he worked tirelessly with players over the summer, including Pekovic and Derrick Williams, both of whom have upgraded their defense this season. Without discounting the flaws he sees in his troops — he still worries about the Wolves getting caught flat-footed in transition — Bayno has been cautiously optimistic that the Wolves could be “slightly above average” on defense this season. With a deeper cadre of front court personnel coming out to defend the pick and roll more aggressively, the team’s interior defense has been bolstered and his prediction is on track.

Length and pace

After Rubio was injured last season, it was not uncommon to see a diminutive Wolves backcourt made up of 6-2 Luke Ridnour and 6-0 J.J. Barea (who is actually closer to 5-9). Among the new backcourt mates this season are 6-6 Alexey Shved, 6-6 Brandon Roy and 6-7 Chase Budinger, with 6-5 Malcolm Lee also getting more early playing time than he received last year. In particular, Shved is using his length to compensate for gaps in his fundamental approach to defense — he had three blocks Monday in Dallas. Throw in the 6-9 Kirilenko blanketing the top-scoring swingmen, and the Wolves sport much more length on the perimeter.

That said, controlling free-wheeling opponents in transition, especially out on the perimeter, is an ongoing vulnerability. In response, Adelman has dramatically slowed the team’s pace of play — only the New Orleans Hornets execute fewer possessions per game, a marked departure from the coach’s usual up-tempo style. Consequently, while the Wolves give up the seventh-highest three-point shooting percentage (37.0) to opponents, only eight teams permit fewer three-point attempts.

Without question, the greatest room for improvement in the Wolves’ defense is in stopping backcourt scoring, especially from the point guard position. Opposing point guards have led their team in scoring in five of the seven games Minnesota has played thus far, and in the other two, the points leader was an off-guard.

Fortunately, in another month or two, the Wolves should be able to add a superb and lanky perimeter defender to the mix, a fellow by the name of Rubio.

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Comments (10)

Good points

I wholeheartedly agree that it's nice to have a true "glue guy" on defense in Kirilenko - he's just one of those guys who gets it on defense and it energizes the rest of the team. His ability to jump passing lanes and play help defense really makes him more than just a "mere" lockdown defender too, and I think it makes other guys (namely Shved) more comfortable making similar plays without worrying about getting benched (not that we have anyone to replace him!). And after watching AK in the Olympics, I'm not surprised to see him play a little bit of the "straw that stirs the drink" role on offense. Jerry Sloan really started misusing him on offense in 2007 (very apparent if you look at his advanced stats), usually sticking him in a corner or running set plays for him, when his most important offensive asset is his improvisational ability.

I'm more concerned at the moment about this turning into a "what-if" team with all our injuries. I was really excited about our versatility and ability to throw different skillsets at opponents and I feel like that's slipping away due to injuries. But if you had told me that 7 games into the season we'd be starting Malcolm Lee, I would not have expected this to be our record...

A great article ! If injuries can be held

in check from now on in both the Wolves and Gopher bb teams, this is going to be 'one hell of a' great Winter sports season !

AK and missed opportunities


I'm not too worried about a "lost season" at this point. True, the schedule has been very easy, with no elite teams on the docket. But road wins in Brooklyn and Dallas is accomplishment enough, and this offseason depth is making it seem like it is not a fluke.

Will they regress and suffer some ugly losses? Count on it--this is the NBA. But the first automatic loss I see on the schedule is in Miami on December 18, at which time Love will be close to returning and Rubio will probably be getting some practice reps. In the 15 games between now and then, the team could go 5-10 against decidedly mediocre competition and still be 10-12. In other words, they are a long way from doomed for the playoff chase.

And yes, Kirilenko is the primary reason why. You're probably right about Sloan--he got very Williams and Boozer centric in those years toward the end. But I don't want AK to get *too* improvisational--he knows and understands the game, but he occasionally overreaches, and unlike on defense, you can't undo mistakes as rapidly on offense.

I think the injuries on the Wolves have actually improved the story for the team thus far. Right now injuries can't be held in check and they're 5-2. As I just mentioned, I expect a mini slump at some point. But the competition isn't stiff enough to meddle with their confidence before the reinforcements arrive.

That said, I'll miss Budinger, who has been their best perimeter player thus far this year.

Pace, Rebounding, Defense

Some interesting combinations of team stats right now for the Wolves. 29th in Pace -- playing halfcourt basketball. 8th in offensive rebound rate, crashing the offensive glass, which would suggest not getting quickly back on defense. Yet they're 6th in defensive rating. (All of those are subject to quick change, with games are being played as I write this comment.)

I would expect Ricky's return to up the pace at least a little bit--perhaps increased minutes for Shved will do the same. If they do shoot quicker, will that hurt defense?

It's been a treat to watch this team--even less-celebrated players like Stiemsma have had moments where they make a big impact. Without Stiemer we might not win that opener versus Sacramento.

Great post, as always.

Pacing and talent


I think both Rubio and Love increase the pace. I'm not sure anyone on the team has the green light on when to short-circuit the offense for his own shot the way Love does. I also think Love makes your offensive rating skyrocket, because he extends possessions with his offensive rebounding and jacks up their efficiency with his putbacks. Remember, some of that offensive rebounding is being done by Williams, who hasn't been able to finish worth a damn this season.

It is a no-brainer that Rubio's return will really pick up the pace. Consider how many passes he makes from one top of the key to the other--long, midcourt feeds that result in either layups or hockey assists. Those rarely happen right now--almost all the eye-opening ball-sharing we're seen from this team has actually been around the painted area.

The other reason this team doesn't get hurt on defense while crashing the boards is because the forwards are frequently Cunningham and Kirilenko, who bust their tails to get back even after jousting in the restricted area. Cunningham has just been a coach's dream, who, like Shved, deserves his own column, or at least an extended out-take, in the near future.

Thanks for the compliment, and for your continued presence here. For those who don't know, Andy has his own high-quality Wolves blog, right here

I also recommend A Wolf Among Wolves over at ESPN's Truehoop network, and hold a special place in my heart for Nate, aka, StopnPop, who is the dean scribe at the invaluable Canis Hoopus blog. (Although contrary to urban legend, I never got my start, or even wrote extensively, at Canis Hoopus, just a couple of posts when I was between gigs. My bball writing evolution goes way back to Sport Magazine in the 80s--yes, I'm that old--but locally it includes City Pages, The Rake, and now Minnpost.)

That is a good point about

That is a good point about Love's "green light" increasing the pace. A dogged defensive rebounder, Love often trails the secondary break and finds himself wide open for that catch-up three pointer. I'm really hoping that he builds on last year's momentum and shoots threes at a high frequency rate. He's the reigning NBA three-point champ, for crying out loud. (This is one area that I cannot disagree with Charles Barkley enough. Normally I love Chuck and agree with much of his analysis, but he is so wrong on forwards and jump shooting. Simply put, he played in a different era.)

Thanks again for linking the blog, and I'll co-sign on the remarks about the others. Canis in particular has been a favorite of mine going back to its inception--which, if memory serves--was right around when I was introduced to your work. Lots of good Wolves writers out there. For this fan who likes to share his opinions, it makes blogging for hobby an enjoyable experience.

I apologize if I'm pointing out the obvious

Just want to point out that defensive rating is a per-possession statistic, and I think we all know that our best offensive rebounder (Pek) is a much better doing that than he is on defense. Teams really do prepare for him and focus on keeping him off the glass, which results in less fastbreak opportunities to take advantage of our guards. Britt's comment is right, especially about Dante getting in to do his work there too, picking his opportunities when the opponent is focused on boxing out Pek.

I think Ricky's return won't hurt defense too much, as he's a good individual defender - plus the benefit of his efficiency at running the 3/4-break (not sure of the name, but it's when you get a rebound and try to move it upcourt relatively quickly to take advantage of confusion on the switches) will lead to more baskets and less missed shots, which are potential easy buckets for opponents looking to run.

Two best players

Britt - just curious, do you think Rubio is the second best player on the Wolves (as is implied in your comment about their two best players being out)? That sentiment has been expressed a lot in the media lately. I - like anyone with a head and a heart - love RR, but think that AK47 is a better player.

Assuming RR recovers enough to play as well as he did last year, he is giving up excellent defense and a guy who can run an offense well - but can't shoot very well. AK doesn't have a glaring weakness.

No question we all hope RR's ceiling is higher than AK's is and was, but only time will tell.

Rubio and AK


It's a worthy question, and you frame it well.

I would still go with Rubio over AK as the "better" player, but of course it is a very subjective comparison. My reasoning is that AK is best as a superglue guy, someone who enables teammates at both ends of the court. But his contributions diminish if he himself has to be The Man--he doesn't have the offensive arsenal to withstand such scrutiny, and while his defense is superb, it hasn't in recent years been quite up to the standard of Iguodala or Deng. This season, it has been, but we're only seven games in.

Rubio, on the other hand, sees the court in a manner that is special, and attracts talent who want to benefit from his ball distribution. His defense on the perimeter last year was revelatory, and, given the rest of the Wolves roster, extremely valuable. Who is currently the best perimeter defender on this team after Rubio? The options aren't pretty.

Yes, Rubio has had trouble with his shot throughout his career, and is further away from his ideal parallel, Rajon Rondo, than AK is from Iggy and Deng. But at the end of the day, if you tell me I can have either Rubio or AK on this Wolves roster for the next two seasons, but not both, who would I choose, I would say Rubio.

Nice question though.

Can't fault your reasoning

And in the end, debating who is the second best Timberwolf is a great problem when your choices are Rubio and AK instead of Ryan Gomes and Ramon Sessions. What matters is having great talent, not where they rank in relationship to each other. Also, Ricky and AK both are players who make their teammates better and I can't wait to see the on the court together.

Just for kicks, as a devil's somewhat-advocate:

AK career WP48: .259
RR career WP48: .131

And AK's rookie year WP48? .259

WS and PER also have the veteran Russian far ahead of the young Spaniard.