Before settler-colonists came to present-day Minnesota, Indigenous people understood variations in gender and sexuality in the contexts of their own languages and lifeways.
Lizzie Ehrenhalt, the editor of MNopedia, is a public historian who specializes in the history of gender and sexuality. She has a master’s degree in archives management from the University of Michigan, a master’s certificate in museum studies from the University of Michigan, and a bachelor’s degree in gender studies and Latin from Oberlin College. She is a co-editor of Precious and Adored: The Love Letters of Rose Cleveland and Evangeline Whipple, 1890‒1918 (Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2019). Her article “‘Curious and Romantic Sensation'”: Sex, Fraud, and Celebrity in the Leon A. Belmont Case of 1880″ appeared in Minnesota History 67, no. 5 (Spring 2021).
Wards 1 and 3 in Northeast Minneapolis have been the center of the Twin Cities’ Ukrainian community since the late nineteenth century.
The incident is considered one of the most credible UFO encounters in American history.
There have always been people in Minnesota, as in the rest of the world, who have lived outside perceived norms of gender and sexuality; the words used to name them have changed over time.
Their fourth escape, in 1949, led to eight months of freedom and allowed the two women to live together as a couple while traveling around the United States.
Gonzaga strenuously defended herself, saying, “I have always earned an honest living, although I have not found life as bright as most people…I have always found it easier making a living doing women’s work than men’s.”
Indigenous people have used the eight-and-a-half-mile pathway that connects the Pigeon River with Lake Superior since at least the beginning of the first millennium CE.
In their recordings and live performances, they honed an abrasive, commanding sound that attracted fans from across the United States and Europe.