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Boogaard’s brain: How the New York Times got that story

Minnesota Wild forward Derek Boogaard, right, punching Calgary Flames forward Brian McGrattan in their fight during a December 2009 game.
REUTERS/Todd Korol
Minnesota Wild forward Derek Boogaard, right, punching Calgary Flames forward Brian McGrattan in their fight during a December 2009 game.

— “They’re trading money for brain cells”

John Branch isn’t completely sure, but he thinks “Punched Out: The Life and Death of a Hockey Enforcer” is the New York Times’ biggest multi-department compilation ever.

Branch’s lavishly detailed three-part narrative of former Minnesota Wild goon Derek Boogaard’s demise culminated in Tuesday’s news that the 28-year-old suffered brain damage usually seen in players decades older.

“Striking, destructive changes in a person who has not even reached their 30th birthday,” noted a Boston University researcher of the 6-foot-7 Boogaard, who riveted crowds with his punching power yet earned affection with his playful personality.

Will hockey fans finally feel shame about the bare-knuckle debasement that many lust for? Will Wild ticket buyers condemn a club that refused to make any officials available for interview? Will the broader culture care enough to insist on change? Will NHL commissioner Gary Bettman’s pathetic rationalization — “fighting is punished” (by penalties that hurt neither team) — carry the day as it does in football and blood sports?

The 44-year-old Branch isn’t willing to speculate. In that time-honored reportorial way, he says diplomatically, “Not be crass, but that really wasn’t my concern. I’m not trying to make change. I stayed focused on Derek Boogaard.”

At least within the journalism world, awe is mixed with envy: The Times is advertising this as a six-month project, the sort of time few journalists rarely get.

“I sort of laughed about that,” Branch says. “I started in June, but I took a month off in the summer! Still, it was all I was working on — a great luxury. It’s something I know is rare.”

Even though Boogaard played a season for the New York Rangers, his May 13 death from alcohol and Oxycodone in Minneapolis isn’t the sort of thing that would usually absorb the nation’s most prominent newspaper.

“Our sports editor, who used to cover hockey years ago, came back [to the department] in the spring,” recalls Branch, a sports features writer. “I was overseas, and he emailed and said, ‘When you come back, we should talk about Derek Boogaard.’”

Despite Branch’s issue-agnosticism, the Times has done more than any organization to publicize Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (C.T.E.), a progressive dementia recognized in many football players and at least three other hockey players. Branch makes sure to note this is his first CTE story; colleague Alan Schwarz is the guy who’s received the Pulitzer nominations, so Branch’s work built on his paper’s.

Though the story eventually included a photographer, a videographer, two multi-media producers and a graphic artist, Branch says his editor’s original instruction was, “’Why not spend a month or two getting to know as much as possible about Derek Boogaard?’”

At least in terms of time, “That’s probably the greatest thing a reporter will ever hear.”

The story grew as “we realized all these potentially uncovered and interesting tangents — hockey enforcers, youth hockey in Canada, fighting in the NHL,” Branch explains. “In all of our coverage, we’d do a single story, but [we asked] what if we stepped back and tried to explain an entire life?”

Getting the Boogaard family’s cooperation was the reporter’s biggest worry: “I’d approached them in June, through mail, phone calls. I told them what the project was, and we’d likely do it if they cooperated or not, but it would a much better story if they could share the full fabric. It would be part of Derek’s legacy. I committed to doing it right, taking time, and I told them we would probably put more resources into this than any other sports story this year.”

Eventually, Branch heard from a brother that Boogaard’s father would talk; that interview took place in Minneapolis. “His mother was the last to come around. She was suspicious about how Derek would be portrayed. I told her, ‘The only promise I can make is to do it fairly; it won’t be glossy, and you may find out things about your son you don’t know that may be hurtful, but this is what I think is the best story.’”

It’s obvious from the stories that the Boogaards cooperated extensively. Because only the family could make their son’s CTE diagnosis public, they essentially gave Branch a scoop.

Branch says the series’ timing was not tied to the CTE revelation (the Times expected the diagnosis to be issued before reporting was done). Somewhat ominously, though, Branch says he has not heard from the Boogaards since series began running Sunday. He says if he hasn’t heard from them in a couple of days, he’ll call them. “They’re probably sitting back, watching the reaction.”

Branch is careful to note (as the series does) that researchers don’t know why CTE occurs in some folks and not others. It is also difficult to tease apart Boogaard’s fighting from the substance abuse that dogged his professional career.

“Certainly, if you were to ask the doctors, they’d say that level of CTE did not help his addiction problems,” the reporter says. “But how much did it hurt?”

As Boogaard’s mother laments in one video, “I’d like to blame someone. I can’t.”

But it’s also not hard to see the NHL’s Bettman as a villain whose rationalizations, denials and obfuscations bring to mind a smoother version of Martin Short’s tobacco spokesman Nathan Thurm.

“The reason we put the full 20 minutes [of the Bettman interview] online for everyone to see is that we didn’t want people to say we used certain quotes,” Branch explains. “The NHL knew in July we were working on the story, they knew the parameters of the story. The only thing I would say is that Gary Bettman knew we were coming for four to five months, so they had plenty of time to prepare.”

As for our non-cooperative Wild?

“The Wild knew back in September I was working on a story,” Branch says. “The tough part of that is that the Wild had an ownership change, and their front office was totally reshuffled in 2009, right about the time Derek Boogaard had surgery and started using prescription pills. Most Wild people had been around only one year [though] that did not include [team doctor] Sheldon Burns, who has been there many years. But the Wild declined to make him available.”

Comments (9)

  1. Submitted by Nick Coleman on 12/06/2011 - 02:30 pm.

    The unspoken corollary here is as obvious as it is embarrassing: Why have Minnesota media not been as interested or aggressive in covering a prominent national story that happened 90 percent right here, in the Twin Cities. Ponder for a moment the tons of ink and hours of video wasted on the Vikings while real sports journalism has gone undone. And please, if you will, read The Shame of the State of Hockey, on my blog:

  2. Submitted by Justin Crum on 12/06/2011 - 03:04 pm.

    Thanks for the background on this story. This is the type of inside jounralism work that MinnPost is so good at. Keep it up.

  3. Submitted by Karl Struck on 12/06/2011 - 06:12 pm.

    Very good, David. Very good. Reading the Times piece was the most captivating piece I have seen all year. Mr. Coleman is correct, it is a slight embarrassment to the TC media, however with the economics I understand that dedicating a reporter for 6 months just isn’t feasible. I believe Mr. Russo did have an extended piece in the Strib, but after reading the Branch articles it makes Russo’s piece look like a 5th grade writing assignment. So if there is still anyone who hasn’t read the piece I encourage you to do so.

  4. Submitted by Stan Daniels on 12/06/2011 - 09:43 pm.

    David, did you consider contacting Russo and getting is take on this? I am a huge fan of Russo, but I thought he was too close to this story and didn’t act enough as a reporter. I know he liked Boogaard and the death was hard on him, but I also wonder when a journalist needs to separate themselves from the story. Again, Russo is a great beat writer, but I’d love to her his take on how he and the Strib handled it.

  5. Submitted by Lee Roberts on 12/07/2011 - 06:03 am.

    Nicely done. Thanks for the back story and asking the essential questions again.

    “…money for brain cells,” indeed.

  6. Submitted by Jackson Cage on 12/07/2011 - 09:04 am.

    Sorry david, but in fact Branch has written a story that’s built on a foundation of speculation.

    The fact is, so little is known about brain function that the most we can put forth are theories. Try as you’d like, there is no definitive proof.

    Those who are in a tizzy over hockey fighting arte more than happy to throw out objectivity when it comes to thias story. First, no one knows the true effects of Boogaard’s addictions. Second, players in hockey and football sustain serious head trauma from legal hits to the head, not fighting. And if anyone watched Boogaard, he was far more likely to inflict harm rather than receive it, or do more damage to his hands than his head.

    Look, you can certainly make arguments to ban fighting in hockey. Just don’t pretend this storu gives you any evidence to support your movement. It’s a science in its infancy and to pretend otherwise is ludicrious.

  7. Submitted by Annie Grandy on 12/07/2011 - 02:35 pm.

    Sigh…as a former North Stars and then, very briefly, Wild, season ticket holder I dream of the days of great skating, stick handling and beautifully finessed scores being the focus in hockey. I stopped wasting my money when first checking and then ‘enforcers’ became the focus of the game rather than the skill of playing on ice. It used to be such fun but now booze, gambling and violence seem to have taken center stage and I sure don’t need to spend my money on watching or being around strangers under the influence of any one of those. Sigh…
    My favorite memory of the Wild games was between periods when the little kids, practically buried under their equipment, would play their hearts out for a few minutes. Adorable and hilarious! Great entertainment! Sigh…

  8. Submitted by Eric Ferguson on 12/07/2011 - 04:11 pm.

    The penalty for righting isn’t merely mild. Enforcers would be sitting on the bench anyway, so five minutes in the penalty box just changes their seat. The NHL needs to treat fighting as seriously as other sports, and make fighting an ejection offense. The players might not like the change, but they didn’t want to wear helmets, they don’t want masks, a lot of them still won’t wear visors, so of course they’ll try to keep fighting. They adapted to those other safety changes, and they’ll get used to not being able to fight.

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