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A World’s Fair in Minnesota? A group of ardent fans wants to make it happen

The 1893 Chicago World’s Fair, painted by H.D. Nichols.

A group of Minnesotans wants to bring about 10 million people here in 2023 for an international event that many young folks never heard of and many older people don’t know still exists.

Steve Heckler, a Twin Cities event organizer by trade, has been working to get a World’s Fair in the U.S. — and specifically Minnesota — since 2008.

He, Secretary of State Mark Ritchie and others have taken the first steps toward that vision, but significant obstacles would have to be overcome to put Minnesota on the world stage a decade from now.

The last World’s Fair on U.S. soil was held in New Orleans in 1984, and it went bankrupt. Since then, public interest in the nation has waned. In 2001, Congress even stopped paying America’s dues to the international organization that oversees the annual expos.

Even so, the enormous events have continued across the world. In 2010, over a six-month span, about 73 million visitors attended the largest World’s Fair yet in Shanghai.

The fair lineup is set through 2020, when international travelers will descend on Dubai.

Economic and promotional benefits touted

Locally, World’s Fair boosters have a difficult time containing their excitement for the massive business and cultural exchanges. Heckler and Ritchie cite both the economic and promotional benefits of holding such an event in Minnesota.

Heckler is part of a network that’s lobbying the feds to get the U.S. signed up again to host World’s Fairs. He’s also assembled a deep bench of players in Minnesota to work on securing the 2023 expo, and preliminary feasibility research is under way.

Supporters describe World’s Fairs as a mix: part theme park, part Olympic pageantry plus a museum and architectural exhibition. Historically, World’s Fairs have introduced the public to some of the most iconic inventions of our age, including the telephone and television, ice cream cones and Dr Pepper.

When planned correctly, advocates say, the expos can have a massive effect on a region, both in boosting short-term business activity and long-term infrastructure and architectural development.

Some estimates put the short-term economic impact on Minnesota’s economy at $10 billion to $15 billion in tourism activity alone.

Long term, examples of the legacy build-outs that the expos have spawned includes San Antonio’s riverfront walk and Seattle’s Space Needle – and the Eiffel Tower.

“That’s what it can do for a city,” Heckler said in an interview. “It puts it in a global perspective.”

“It’s something that comes into focus,” said Ritchie. “We’ve stood up and said we want to host the World’s Fair, and here’s why we’re the best place to do it on the planet.”

Heckler a Fair fanatic

Heckler’s parents brought him to the 1964 World’s Fair in New York, where his love for the expos began.

MinnPost photo by James Nord
Steve Heckler: “I blame my parents for why I do events today because they took me to the World’s Fair.”

“It was a life-changing experience,” Heckler said. “It’s a place where companies and cultures … all come together and share the best of what we are in this world.”

Standing in his St. Paul Union Depot office, Heckler looks down at a table filled with Expo books and memorabilia. 

“I blame my parents for why I do events today because they took me to the World’s Fair,” jokes Heckler, who also organizes the Twin Cities Jazz Fest.

“As things started going along, I found more and more people seemed to be connected to a World’s Fair in some way,” he said.

Heckler has assembled an advisory committee that represents heavyweights across Minnesota. Ritchie, who also attended the 1964 New York fair, chairs the committee. Honorary co-chairs include Walter Mondale, former Gov. Arne Carlson and business magnate Marilyn Carlson Nelson.

The effort moved from conversations over coffee to talking with the U.S. State and Commerce departments.

“It’s been fits and starts to more and more credibility,” said John Hottinger, a consultant and former state Senate majority leader, who worked on the project in its earliest stages.

Daunting array of tasks

But there’s a lot of work to be done.

First, the U.S. has to get back into good standing with the Bureau of International Expositions, a Paris-based organization that oversees the expos. Hottinger, who no longer works on the project, got that effort started by meeting with government officials to see how things could move forward.

It’s not quite clear if getting back into the organization’s good graces will require congressional approval, and there’s also the matter of about $150,000 in back dues that the U.S.could have to pay.

Until the U.S. gets back into the organization, it’s unlikely that a fair would ever be held here.

“There’s no competition if no one brought the ball to the court,” Heckler said. “That’s the problem. We’re at the gym without the ball.”

World’s Fair locations

Minnesota is not alone in the effort. Two other regions are working to get the U.S. back in play. Heckler has met with organizers from Houston and the San Francisco Bay Area. Those larger regions are competing for the bigger fairs that happen in years ending in a five or zero.

Heckler said the stakeholders recently met and there’s another meeting in April. But he acknowledges the efforts are preliminary.

Assuming the U.S. gets back into the organization, then Heckler and the team have their work cut out for them in helping the government to set up a national group, similar to an Olympics committee, that could choose U.S. sites for future fairs. 

Starting early should help Minnesota’s chances, Heckler and Hottinger said.

Ning Shao, Minnesota’s trade representative in China, was an integral part of the expo process in Shanghai. He’ll be speaking Monday at an event here about Minnesota’s bid.

Urso Chappell, a World’s Fair expert from the Bay Area, agreed about Minnesota’s chances. Chappell has worked with the coalition in Minnesota, where he designed the website and the logo.

“The Minnesota effort clearly has an excellent chance,” he said.

Price tag: $3 million to $10 million

The Minnesota team needs to raise $3 million to $10 million for a formal bid, but Heckler estimates $5 million or $6 million would do it.

Fundraising has already begun. Heckler credits someone he knows with giving the seed money — about $100,000 — to start the organization but acknowledges that additional support needs to continue.

“We need people to step forward,” he says, moving into pitch mode. “If people want to step forward, please step forward.”

The next step is preparing an economic impact study done by outside experts to examine the expected number of visitors and available sites, Ritchie said.

Next would come an application, assuming Minnesota is selected by the government or its representative to be the U.S. pick for the 2023 expo bid. Once that report is submitted to the international bureau, he said, it triggers a six-month timeframe for other countries to submit their own application.

To Ritchie’s knowledge, Minnesota is the only area that’s expressed interest for 2023. It’s likely, though, that the Twin Cities would have to compete with two to four others sites around the world, Chappell said.

Although the process is still very much in its infancy, Ritchie and Heckler have a couple of sites on their radar: the Arden Hills Superfund site or the former Ford plant in St. Paul’s Highland Park.

Ritchie notes that about 50 million people live within a day’s drive of the Twin Cities, one of the measures that matter.

Trying to secure a three-month fair can have big ramifications even if Minnesota doesn’t ultimately win out. “The mere fact of saying out loud we want to invite the world to come see us has big ramifications,” he added.

And that appears to be coming true already. Minnesota’s interest in hosting a World’s Fair has already attracted a meeting this year of the U.S.-Russia Innovation Group.

“The question becomes for us: Do we feel in the Twin Cities that we are global?” Heckler said.

Overall economic impact tricky

Still, the economic impact of the fair is unclear.

In the end, the Chinese government spent $45 billion on the Shanghai 2010 Expo.

The build-out is different internationally than in the U.S., Chappell said, where a lot more private investment would be necessary.

Bill Blazar, a member of the advisory committee and a state Chamber of Commerce staffer, said a World’s Fair is one way to get Minnesota on the map.

“I think we’re interested in doing the homework and testing the feasibility because we think developing Minnesota as an integral part of the world economy is really key to development and growth in the state in the future,” Blazar said.

Estimates for Dubai, where a large event will be held in 2020, include 80,000 additional construction jobs. A separate report estimates that total jobs added could reach 300,000, with roughly 90 percent of them between 2018 and 2021.

There’s also the sentimental side, which seems to have captured Ritchie and the others. Chappell describes a World’s Fair as “creating an idealized world in an enclosed space.”

“It sort of takes you out of your everyday life and puts you into this different experience,” he said. “It is different from the outside world.”

Comments (14)

  1. Submitted by James Hamilton on 01/24/2014 - 04:32 pm.

    Minnesota is already on the map,


    I’d like to think that our politicians know better than to put a nickel into this, but I know better than that.

  2. Submitted by Todd Adler on 01/24/2014 - 05:38 pm.

    World’s Fair

    My grandmother went to the 1939 World’s Fair in Chicago. She was quite the traveler, driving across country in the 1920s with her girlfriends and camping out.

  3. Submitted by Frank Phelan on 01/24/2014 - 05:44 pm.

    The Ziggy Plan

    These guys need to threaten to take this to LA if they want to locals behind this.

  4. Submitted by Pat Borzi on 01/24/2014 - 06:48 pm.

    Mr. Heckler conveniently omits…

    …that the 1964-65 Worlds Fair, which I also attended, was a financial bust, in large part because the BIE refused to sanction it. The backstory is long and complicated — the short version, blame Robert Moses — and I don’t know why any city with a molecule of financial prudence would bid on one of these. Investors might as well dump their cash in a 55-gallon drum and toss in a match.

  5. Submitted by Paul Udstrand on 01/25/2014 - 09:24 am.

    Worse than the Olympics

    Just don’t do with public money. This reminds me that once and while someone gets excited about bringing the Olympics to MN. The dirty little secret about the Olympics is that they are bust for the cities that host them and have been for decades. They cost billions and deliver zilch. The London Olympics for instance cost $13 billion, and brought in an estimated $10 billion. Now, maybe a city like London can afford that, but we have a lot trouble coming up with just $1 billion for a Vikings stadium.

  6. Submitted by Karen Sandness on 01/25/2014 - 09:41 am.

    There was one in Knoxville, Tennessee

    that was such an absolute bust that it was even lampooned on The Simpsons.

    The last one in North America, as far as I know, was Expo 86 in Vancouver, B.C. I attended it, because it coincided with a professional conference in that city. It was interesting, but nothing spectacular. By the way, it lost $311 million despite attracting crowds that caused two-hour waits to get into some pavilions.

  7. Submitted by Beth Daniels on 01/25/2014 - 11:49 am.

    Is it all about the money?

    The financial return — or lack thereof — is an important consideration. But the community building, the potential for learning and building cross-cultural and global connections, and, yes, priceless memories are also important. I visited the 1964-65 World’s Fair in NY several times and it left indelible impressions. In 1964, I saw telephones where you could actually see the person you were speaking with! Imagine! I was captivated by “It’s a Small World, After All,” which became a beloved Disney World attraction. I was inspired by the Unisphere — the gigantic metal globe that showed how we are all connected and which still stands today. And even now, every time I go to IKEA I am reminded of the “Better Homes and Gardens exhibit, which brought you to the top floor and required that you walk every inch of their labyrinth-like hallways before you could leave. I took my family to Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1986 to experience a World’s Fair. We saw fascinating exhibits and national treasures from countries we would probably never be able to visit otherwise. If the fledgling organizing committee is taking small, grassroots type donations, I’m in.

    • Submitted by Ralph Miller on 02/01/2014 - 07:05 am.

      It’s not just the money!

      There are clearly intangible benefits to hosting a world’s fair — China, Italy and now the UAE are the latest to see the benefits and make bids. As long as the funding is primarily private, there are few downsides and quite a few upsides. Cities like Seattle, St. Louis and San Francisco are a testament to the legacies that can come from hosting World’s Fairs. Time to push the USA to rejoin the BIE, IMO.

  8. Submitted by Urso Chappell on 01/25/2014 - 08:22 pm.

    Thinking Longer Term

    I’m the same Urso Chappell that was quoted in the article. I’ve been to nine world’s fairs so far.

    There’s something to consider when talking about the economics of world’s fair and that is the fact that they aren’t about short-term profits, but about long-term benefits – both tangible and intangible.

    I often use a metaphor: having your city host a world’s fair is like sending your kid off to college. You don’t expect to recoup your financial losses during a relatively short-term experience, but you see dividends in the long term. Many cities leverage expos to improve infrastructure such as convention facilities and public transportation. They bring a burst of energy to a region that makes people take note. Cities like Vancouver (who hosted Expo ’86) would not be the same if it weren’t for the experience of hosting a world’s fair.

    There are also intangible benefits to hosting an event like this, particularly to young people. Contemporary world’s fairs are about sharing ideas and cultures in ways that you simply can’t do without the experience of actually being in a physical space. That’s amplified when the environment is inspirational and celebratory in nature.

    I am not ready to cede my nation’s ability to expand its visions to other countries, but I worry that is exactly what we’re doing. Countries in Asia and Europe are hungry to host such forward-thinking experiences and we should be, too.

  9. Submitted by Paul Udstrand on 01/26/2014 - 08:11 am.


    We can do whatever infrastructure we need by just building the infrastructure and it’s a lot cheaper. You don’t spend billions of dollars for intangible benefits, that’s real money that can be spent on tangible benefits like health care and education. I repeat, if you do it, do it without public dollars.

  10. Submitted by Roy Everson on 01/27/2014 - 02:02 am.

    Do it on the cheap, think outside the tent

    As proponents have said, there are real benefits to enjoy from such an event. But times being what they are it’s unlikely the investments discussed are possible to amass. So why not change the name of the Minnesota State Fair for one year? Call it the Inter-galactic State Fair of 2023 — shift the focus where possible to maximize international visitors. Bypass the traditional world-fair model, remove the need for Heavy duty funding Sources With old-fashioned frugality. Promote the heck out of it for the Next 9 years. If some want to Call it a world’s fair, good for them. We can have Our cake-on-a-stick and eat it, too.

  11. Submitted by Steve Titterud on 01/27/2014 - 12:17 pm.

    Brilliant !

    Funding ? The people in the Como area who sell parking spaces IN THEIR YARDS will be happy to fund this scheme.

    You’re a busload of people from the UAE ? That’ll be $40,000 for the day, but we’ve got a special going: only $200,000 for the week. Cash.

  12. Submitted by Jeffrey Ford on 01/27/2014 - 09:48 pm.

    This is where we go to dream.

    The World’s Fair is an amazing spectacle, with the power to change not only the course of cities and nations, but also, more importantly, the hearts and minds of the people that witness them. The true story of a World’s Fair is not in the dollars and cents. The true story is only discovered when you see how these events can inspire people to literally create the world of tomorrow. That means innovation. And innovation means jobs and opportunities for generations to come.

    I caution people not to judge a World’s Fair unless they have been to a recent EXPO. I have attended the last three. And I have seen thousands of Korean, Chinese, and Spanish school children pour through the gates of a World’s Fair, their eyes wide open and ready to glimpse the future. THEY, are going to be inspired. THEY are going to make that vision of the future a reality. What will inspire your children? What will shape their idea of what they want to create and discover? If you believe that the World’s Fair is a waste of money, then you likely believe that our collective future isn’t all that important. The World’s Fair is where we go to dream. And if we chose to stop dreaming…we have no future.

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