Has Obama’s approach to Libya been vindicated?

Has the Obama administration’s policy of cautious support for Libyan rebels been vindicated?

Only weeks ago, rebel forces appeared a ragged bunch whose fight to oust longtime dictator Muammar Qaddafi had stalled. In the US, some critics were complaining that the White House appeared to have involved the nation in another endless conflict. Others were taking the opposite position, pushing for more forceful American intervention.

Now the lightly armed rebel fighters, supported by NATO air power, have seized control of most of Libya and are swarming into Tripoli. It’s evident they’re winning, said President Obama Monday from his vacation haven of Martha’s Vineyard.

“Qaddafi’s rule is over,” Mr. Obama said.

The situation in Libya remains fluid, but the US stands ready to help a transition government, added the US president.

“The extraordinary events in Libya remind us that fear can give way to hope,” he said.

Yet impending victory hasn’t ended argument in Washington over whether Obama chose the wise course of action in Libya.

Some Republicans continue to press the point that US forces should have been in the lead on Libya airstrikes, as opposed to serving as part of an overall NATO coalition.

“I grieve a bit because this conflict didn’t have to last this long,” said Sen. John McCain (R) of Arizona on Sunday during an interview on CBS. “United States air could have shortened this conflict, and, unfortunately, we chose not to [employ the full weight of the US Air Force]. We led from behind.”

Moreover, Washington experts are warning that the administration and its NATO allies should not engage in a “mission accomplished” moment of high-fives and then turn their attention to other subjects.

After all, the bitter lesson of Iraq points out that in regime-change situations, sometimes the hardest and most dangerous work occurs after the initial triumph.

“Reforming a nation’s Politics, government, economy, and security sector take years and regime change is only the first, faltering step in the process,” said Anthony Cordesman, a military expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, in an analysis Monday of the Libya situation.

Democracy is not magic, Mr. Cordesman pointed out. The US needs to be prepared for the likelihood that elections in Libya trigger deep political divisions and produce winners with little governing experience. Economic reform could struggle to produce jobs for the young, fast-growing Libyan population.

“The most we can do is to foster a climate where we can help them help themselves,” said Cordesman.

That would probably entail financial aid. But given the current economic straits of both the US and its European allies, aid to Libya might be a very difficult thing to sell to domestic voters.

“Aren’t you glad the United States and Europe have lots of time and money to devote to rebuilding yet another potential failed state?” said Stephen Walt, professor of international relations at Harvard University, on his Foreign Policy magazine blog.

As for the Republicans running to replace Obama, the success of Libya’s rebels presents something of a political problem.

Front-runner Mitt Romney, like 2008 candidate Senator McCain, has criticized Obama for not doing more. His task will be to cheer the downfall of longtime US nemesis Qaddafi, while continuing to promote the idea that it could have happened sooner with a more forceful application of American firepower.

Michele Bachmann, Ron Paul, and Jon Huntsman have all taken the opposite view: that the US had no strategic interests in Libya and should not be wasting time and treasure helping the rebels.

Representative Paul, who opposes virtually all US military intervention abroad, is unlikely to change his views in this instance. His supporters expect no less.

Representative Bachmann is in a trickier spot. While she has said the US has no business in Libya, she has also charged that the rebels contain some supporters of Al Qaeda. She could continue to warn against the dangers of rising Islamism, while celebrating the demise of an American adversary.

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Comments (2)

  1. Submitted by Stephen F on 08/23/2011 - 06:11 am.

    Disinformation continues with Gaddafi’s son showing himself to reports to prove he is is not captured

    Most rebel fighters are not Libyan but hired milita or “retired” special forces which NATO is fighting along side of to take over a Sovereign country and hand to CIA/al-Queda affiliated rebels


    US and NATO have not only violated the UN resolution, only to create a no-fly-zone but also bombed citizens homes and power plants and told even treatened reporters not to report on the facts


  2. Submitted by Bernice Vetsch on 08/23/2011 - 03:46 pm.

    No no no. It sounds too much like the way we “helped” Iraq embrace democracy by holding elections.

    Or like the “stabilization” we forced upon Haiti by refusing to let that country — a sovereign nation that freed itself from slavery and held democratic elections 200 or so years ago — control its own election. WE decided that the country’s largest political party could not take part to make sure its candidate could not be elected. WE twice abducted Haiti’s democratically elected president Bertrand Aristide, a member of the US-banned party and whisked him out of the country.

    Today, after 19 months, 600,000 Haitian earthquake victims remain homeless, sheltering in tents or under tarps or in small concrete shelters. Apparently, we haven’t decided which corporations get to use the billions of dollars donated by Americans to redevelop Haiti in ways beneficial to the corporations.

    We have similarly worked for “stability” in other Latin American countries and must not be allowed to spread our “help” to the Middle East as well.

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