Who is Occupy Wall Street? After six weeks, a profile finally emerges.

The Occupy Wall Street signs in New York’s Zuccotti Park may be catchy, but they tell little about the nitty-gritty of the rank and file. Now, six weeks into what is becoming a global movement, pollsters and online data sources have begun to answer some basic questions about participants: What are their political beliefs and who is supporting them?

“We have had a lot of speculation about who these people are,” says Costas Panagopoulos, a professor of political science at Fordham University in New York whose team of 15 researchers surveyed some 300 New York City protesters between Oct. 14 and 18.

“Some of what we found reinforced what many already believed, and some results were surprising,” says Professor Panagopoulos. While 60 percent of protesters said they voted for Barack Obama in 2008, 73 percent said they disapprove of how Mr. Obama is handling his job as president.

Not unexpectedly, given Occupy Wall Street’s assertion that the US political system is adversely affected by an improper distribution of political power, nearly all (97 percent) of those surveyed disapprove of how Congress is handling its job.

Nevertheless, says Panagopoulos, 42 percent of the protesters say they will vote for the Democratic candidate for the US House for their district. Fewer than 2 percent of those surveyed said they’d vote for the Republican.

“There seems to be a surprising confidence that Democrats will be responsive to their concerns, despite the fact that a Democrat has been in the White House during the past three years as all this has built up,” he says, noting that more than three-quarters (78 percent) believe the economy has gotten worse this past year.

Not surprisingly, perhaps, 75 percent of those surveyed say they view the tea party movement unfavorably, he says.

The average age of the demonstrators, meanwhile, was higher than expected, notes Panagopoulos. “We thought it would be mostly people in their twenties,” he says, but the average age is 33. “That means for every college student you have a mid-career professional in their forties,” he adds.

Another somewhat surprising aspect of the movement regards its financing. According to the online pay site wepay.com, its donation numbers show that the overwhelming online support comes from “average, middle-class donors,” says wepay.com CEO Bill Clerico.

“The vast majority of those giving have incomes in the $50,000 to $100,000 range,” he says. The median donation amount is $22, while the average rises to $60, which shows that there are a few “very large donations sending the average amount higher,” adds Mr. Clerico. To date, his company has processed more than $325,000 in donations to OWS. Wepay is releasing its latest data on OWS on Tuesday.

The money, he says, comes from 37 countries. The average distance from donor to demonstration for donations given to any campaign is 862.5 miles. “What this shows is that the support really is grass-roots and widespread,” he adds.

However, attempts to pin the demonstrators down may miss the point, says Villanova University Prof. Matthew Kerbel.

“It’s important to remember that OWS is offering an economic critique that doesn’t fit neatly into the red/blue boxes we’re used to using to describe our political debate,” he says. “Their focus on economic inequality indicts both parties for being unduly influenced by the top 1 percent.”

Indeed, adds Brooklyn Law School Professor Jonathan Askin, quantitative data on the movement may be interesting, but it misses the larger point of the group action.

“The ‘real political opinions’ of the Wall Street Occupiers are largely irrelevant to a consideration of the role that the Occupy Wall Street movement will play in the 2012 elections,” he says via e-mail, adding that Occupy Wall Street is a transformation in the process of civic engagement and political participation.

The movement is a forum to make government “more directly and precisely answerable to the needs of the people,” he says. “Through online social media tools, the people may now monitor and respond to government behavior, and make our elected officials directly answerable to the people, rather than exclusively answerable to the historically more powerful special interests.”

Comments (5)

  1. Submitted by Dennis Tester on 11/01/2011 - 12:53 pm.

    “Nevertheless, says Panagopoulos, 42 percent of the protesters say they will vote for the Democratic candidate for the US House for their district. Fewer than 2 percent of those surveyed said they’d vote for the Republican.”

    I wished the survey had asked the protesters if they could name who their representative is. I’m guessing few could.

  2. Submitted by Rosalind Kohls on 11/01/2011 - 02:50 pm.

    During the ‘Sixties, protesters didn’t make much of an impact on the voters. Richard Nixon, the antithesis of what the protesters wanted, was elected in 1968 and re-elected in 1972. However, the average person was shocked at the protesters’ behavior. They had never seen anything like it before.
    This time, the OWS protesters will have even less effect on the voters than protesters did in the ‘Sixties. The Babyboomers remember, and know how fake the protests were then, and are now.

  3. Submitted by Bernice Vetsch on 11/01/2011 - 04:19 pm.

    “The average person was shocked at the protesters’ behavior [in 1968]? But NOT shocked at the brutality of Chicago’s police during the Democratic convention that year? Or, for that matter, the conduct of the police in almost every city in which an Occupy group now exists.

    Officialdom seems to see the Occupyers as “the enemy” to be subdued rather than as citizens exercising their constitutional rights to freedom of speech and assembly. I for one think this movement will not fade until we have taken the power to rule our country away from Big Money and Big Banksters and made the Congress once again responsible to the people instead of to lobbyists.

  4. Submitted by Dennis Tester on 11/01/2011 - 09:04 pm.

    “I for one think this movement will not fade until we have taken the power to rule our country away from Big Money and Big Banksters and made the Congress once again responsible to the people instead of to lobbyists.”

    Dream on, Bernice. Obama’s 2012 campaign has already harvested $7 million from Wall St. Anyone who thinks that voting democrat is going to take the power away from Big Money and Big Banksters is delusional. No offense.

  5. Submitted by Joe Musich on 11/02/2011 - 05:26 pm.

    Keep in mind occupation is not the same as a rally. Participants maybe moved but the mind of the public will continue to be occupied with the realities of the inequities brought to the forefront by owc.

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