In recent years, University of Minnesota administrators have repeatedly stated that one of their top goals is to make our university one of the nation’s best public research universities. As faculty responsible for research in our own areas of expertise at the university, we wholeheartedly agree with that endeavor: It is our work, after all, that could lead to critical breakthroughs on the greatest challenges facing society, be it cancer, climate change, or food safety and security.
Unfortunately, our ability to achieve that goal is at risk. In a recent survey completed by over 300 of our fellow research academics at the university and released in a report [PDF] last Thursday by MN Academics United and SEIU Local 284, faculty and other researchers report that University of Minnesota research suffers from dwindling federal funding and unsupportive university policies.
Federal support for university-based research has been on the decline for decades when adjusted for inflation, and cratered sharply in the last 10 years. The portion of the total federal budget dedicated to research has declined from 12 percent to 4 percent since 1965. From 2005 to 2015, overall research spending across federal agencies fell $21 billion, or 13 percent, in constant 2015 dollars.
We rely heavily on federal funding to conduct our work and fulfill our research mission at the university, so as a result of these funding cuts the amount of time we spend applying for funding from tenuous sources has increased: 62 percent of survey respondents responsible for securing research funding said that the amount of time they spend doing so has increased during their career.
More competition for funds
Our day-to-day experiences reflect the uncertainty and strain associated with applying for and securing federal grants. With increased competition for a dwindling pot of available funds, we spend more time on grant applications and grant-required paperwork, and less time on the vital research to which we have dedicated our careers. Every year, we submit excellent, innovative proposals for which there is insufficient funding; we are throwing away good ideas.
This can and does compromise our research, and it has led some academic researchers to leave their field altogether. In the survey, 74 percent of respondents responsible for funding applications reported that their ability to secure funds has (or has possibly) changed the direction or specialization of their research. When the chase for dollars changes the course of scientific inquiry, that is detrimental to our standing as academic researchers, to the University of Minnesota, and to our broader search for discoveries that benefit society.
Unfortunately, the leadership in Congress is moving in the wrong direction. Instead of ending the artificial budget sequester for good, the recent budget deal only temporarily eases the across-the-board cuts for two years, and still keeps the sequester in place for future years, extending it through 2025. Instead of increasing federal funding for critical research, we face politically motivated restrictions for publicly funded research on topics like climate change. We urge our federal delegation to reject these ideological limits to scientific research, end the budget sequester, and reverse the decades-long slide in research funding.
Only 40% feel research is adequately supported
Our survey also showed that just 40 percent of academic researchers at the U of M feel they have adequate support to effectively fulfill their research mission or have enough educated and trained staff to perform their research at the desired capacity. The university is also not seen as transparent in how it uses the typical 1/3 off-the-top cut of every research dollar we secure in the form of overhead charges. This is of great concern to us: If these funds are not being spent appropriately on research-related overhead expenses, then they should be redirected to our on-the-ground work.
These challenges demonstrate why research academics at the University of Minnesota are coming together with other faculty to form a union. We need a real voice in shared governance at the university to address detrimental policies and an overall lack of transparency, as well as a stronger collective voice as academic researchers to advocate for adequate public investment. We share the administration’s goal of becoming a premier public research university; now, we intend to ensure that academic researchers will have the power to do so and continue to drive Minnesota’s economic growth.
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