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For all the talk of an urban-rural divide, Minnesota’s small towns and big cities face a lot of the same challenges

Brett Buckner
MinnPost photo by Gregg Aamot
Brett Buckner, the managing director of, speaking at the Minnesota Equity Blueprint rollout in Olivia.

The Master’s Coffee Shop in Olivia is a standard gathering place for the business owners, teachers and retirees who live in this small Renville County town. On a late morning in April, a half-dozen people sat around tables drinking coffee while the staff readied the day’s lunch special: a grilled Reuben sandwich and potato salad.

Carlotta and John Eischens have owned the business for 17 years. Next door — literally, through a side door inside the coffee shop — the couple run the Christian Community Outreach Center, where people can come if they are hungry or looking for a place to live. “It’s our ministry,” Carlotta said.

That dual vocation also provides the Eischens with a unique vantage point — a way to keep their finger on the pulse of this town of 2,500, one that shares all of the struggles of small-town Minnesota life. “We just lost two mom-and-pop drug stores in the past year — and we’re the county seat!” Carlotta said. (Thrifty White Pharmacy bought the stores, Page Snyder Drug and Olivia Drug, and opened a store in early 2018 along Highway 212 in Olivia.)

She added: “If we’re struggling, what does that tell you about (the smaller nearby towns of) Danube or Renville or people who are living off the beaten path?”

As Eischens talked to MinnPost in the coffee shop, two Minnesota think tanks — Growth & Justice and — were in the outreach center on the other side of that door, introducing the Minnesota Equity Blueprint, an ambitious set of policy ideas that the groups hope will address some overlapping problems in rural and urban areas. (The Master’s Coffee Shop hosts many events, and Eischens had kicked things off with some words of welcome and some thoughts on the work of the Christian center.)

The organizations built the blueprint around a year’s worth of conversations with people in various regions of the state. It’s a five-part guide for policymakers, business leaders and others who are interested in figuring out ways to help as Minnesota changes — especially (though not exclusively) as that change relates to economic upheaval in rural areas and inequality in urban cores.

The Master’s Coffee Shop in Olivia.
MinnPost photo by Gregg Aamot
The Master’s Coffee Shop in Olivia.
The Olivia event kicked off the first “chapter” of the blueprint, a section focused on “human capital” — the idea that communities can thrive if their residents have what they need to live meaningful lives: jobs that pay enough, the confidence to take part in civic life, access to quality health care, a good education. The groups plan to roll out the remaining chapters of the blueprint over the next several months, hoping to get the entire report into the hands of small-town mayors, state lawmakers, business owners and others.

A statewide effort

The Minnesota Equity Blueprint found its genesis last summer at a weekend gathering in Granite Falls, a Minnesota River town of about 2,900 people in Chippewa and Yellow Medicine counties. Growth & Justice and sponsored the conference — calling it “Thriving by Design: Rural and Urban Together” — and held a similar workshop later in the year in Hinckley, in eastern Minnesota’s Pine County. The groups also held 15 smaller gatherings in both small towns and cities across the state. Jane Leonard, the president of Growth & Justice, said the ideas in the blueprint began to germinate at that Granite Falls event, which was hosted by the Upper Sioux Community and included a presentation by state demographer Susan Brower.

Olivia, MN“That (conference) really started the brainstorming and the effort to bring rural and urban areas together,” Leonard said. “It actually kind of built the framework of what you are seeing now in the blueprint.”

Earlier this year, in a prepared statement that introduced the blueprint, Growth & Justice and said its key themes were “a persistent concern and focus on rural and urban interdependence, a high priority on racial equity and other aspects of social justice, and a stronger integration of climate action with equity in all aspects of policy-making.”

Specifically, the 37-page “human capital” chapter includes four sections, titled Economic Security, Peaceful Communities, Educational Attainment, and Healthy People and Communities. Each section contains “challenges” (such as persistent poverty among ethnic minorities), as well as recommendations for addressing those challenges (such as incentives for businesses to hire people who are living in poverty).

The think tanks gave a name to all of the people and organizations that contributed to the equity blueprint: the Thriving by Design Network.

That network hasn’t written any bills or asked any lawmakers to introduce specific legislation. (“No, we don’t have an omnibus bill!” joked Dane Smith, president emeritus of Growth & Justice and a former state Capitol reporter for the Star Tribune.) Even so, some of its ideas have worked their way into the 2019 legislative session, including a proposal for funding that would help small grocers pay for upgrades and equipment — one potential way to ensure that people, especially those in remote or poorer areas of the state, have access to healthy food.

Nonpartisan approach

Growth & Justice was founded in 2002 by Joel Kramer, a former editor and publisher of the Star Tribune (and, later, in 2007, co-founder of MinnPost). The idea was to find some answers to what was perceived to be widening inequality in the state — especially between its rural areas and its wealthier outer-ring suburbs and cities. Growth & Justice is politically ecumenical, offering ideas that tout both the need for business growth and the importance of government initiatives, though it uses some of the buzzwords of progressives, especially “equity.”, meanwhile, emerged two decades ago during the administration of former Gov. Jesse Ventura. It, too, considers itself to be nonpartisan and was built around the principles of equity and inclusiveness, with an emphasis on Twin Cities urban areas.

The two groups got together after Leonard, the Growth & Justice head, read’s website and saw an overlap in the groups’ missions: improving the condition of ethnic minorities and other marginalized groups. “That’s been our message from the beginning – that we are all in this together,” she told MinnPost.’s critique of socio-economic disparities, she added, “was one of the things that also drove some of our thinking.”

Carlotta and John Eischens
MinnPost photo by Gregg Aamot
Carlotta and John Eischens run The Master’s Coffee Shop and the Christian CommunityOutreach Center in Olivia.
Brett Buckner, the managing director of, said he welcomed Leonard’s invitation to work together — though with a caveat. As he recalled, he told her, “We’d love to roll with you, but if you don’t mind, I think we need to have a deeper conversation” about equity and racial disparities. Asked to elaborate, Buckner told MinnPost: “Yes, some people in rural areas don’t have broadband, but we have civil rights issues (in the urban core).”

He added: “We have to acknowledge that people of color have been here since the first day of Minnesota. Unfortunately, we have people who feel like they are being left out of the conversation.”

At the event in Olivia, Leonard and Buckner each spoke about the blueprint, sharing anecdotes from the statewide meetings and highlighting the “human capital” chapter. About 40 people sat in the audience. Buckner summarized the joining of his group’s work on urban issues with Growth & Justice’s focus on Greater Minnesota this way: “It was like a jazz band — we just started riffing.”

The Corn Capital

In 2002, the Star Tribune published a series of articles on Olivia and its challenges in the 21st century. In it, reporter Chuck Haga described the small town, sometimes called the “Corn Capital of the World,” as a community persevering through difficult economic times and adjusting to changing demographics. Smith never forgot that series and visited Olivia 15 years later, along with Chuck Brown, a policy fellow for Growth & Justice, to have a look. In a commentary the two wrote after their return visit, they said they found “resilience and optimism still flourishing” in the town, rattling off some positive developments — better corn prices, a new public hospital, innovative research at local seed companies — along with some drawbacks, such as educational disparities related to race, lower incomes than those in the Twin Cities, the lack of amenities in arts and culture.

At the rollout in Olivia, several people involved in local economic development spoke about their work, including Susie Lang, who runs the Oliva Main Street Program, and J. Pablo Obregon, a community engagement officer for the Southwest Initiative Foundation.

Policy ideas aside, the spirit of the equity blueprint was probably best summed up by Smith when he told the group: “We know people do better when they aren’t just trying to survive.”

That message resonated with Donn Winckler, the executive director of the Mid-Minnesota Development Commission, one of about a dozen such commissions created decades ago by the state Legislature to provide regional leadership on economic issues. Winckler drove to the event from his agency’s headquarters in Willmar, about 25 miles away. He said some towns in the region are losing population while, at the same time, thriving employers are looking for workers. That made him especially interested in the morning’s theme.

“We really do need to make sure that everyone counts — to lift everyone up so that they can reach their potential,” he said.

This report was made possible by a grant from the Otto Bremer Trust. MinnPost’s donors, foundation funders, and corporate sponsors support our work in the belief that promoting greater civic engagement and informed discourse is the surest path to a better Minnesota. They play no role in guiding the journalism produced by MinnPost.

Comments (9)

  1. Submitted by Henk Tobias on 05/02/2019 - 10:22 am.

    I wonder if some of the issues in rural cities and towns have been exacerbated by Republicans continued cutting of state aid to cities and counties? Pawlenty was notorious for cutting state aid and that legacy continues with Senate Republicans rejecting Democrats push to increase aid to cities and countries in the current budget. The shrinking aid amounts have increase stress on already stressed local budgets. One Republican leader recently said something to the effect that Cities and Counties shouldn’t be looking to “us” (meaning the Senate I guess) for a handout. Its an odd statement considering its the Senate’s job to allocate taxes collected, so how is getting tax dollars sent to the state sent back to you in the form of state aid a handout?

  2. Submitted by Paul Udstrand on 05/02/2019 - 10:40 am.

    Maybe a little less PR for those claiming to be exploring the challenges we all face, and little more discussion of those actual challenges and how to face them eh?

  3. Submitted by Pat Terry on 05/02/2019 - 12:49 pm.

    Well, of course they face the same challenges. But people in Olivia – like moat other rural cities – vote for Republicans who aren’t interested in those challenges and are instead focused on restricting what Minneapolis and St. Paul are doing. The urban-rural divide is a thing because Republicans try to exploit the differences that do exist.

    The metro area already heavily subsidizes rural Minnesota. If they keep elected Republicans who behave this way, I’m not really interested in their problems.

  4. Submitted by Karen Sandness on 05/02/2019 - 04:10 pm.

    When I see the hostility between rural and urban residents, I wish that rural and urban high schools would conduct exchange programs, trading students for two weeks, with each participant living with a local family.

    What would happen if rural students found out that the city does not look like something out of a “Law and Order” rerun and that dark-skinned people are not automatically dangerous? What if urban students learned that rural people are not dumb hicks and gained a new appreciation of the struggles of farm or resource communities?

    • Submitted by Pat Terry on 05/03/2019 - 09:12 am.

      You are assuming this is a both sides problem. Republican politicians in outstate Minnesota promote the idea that the Cities are a crime-ridden hellhole. Their politics rely on fomenting resentment of the cities. They want the urban-rural divide. The DFL – which wants to compete in rural areas – does not do the same.

      • Submitted by Karen Sandness on 05/03/2019 - 03:19 pm.

        That’s why it would be essential for rural high school students to see the cities for themselves instead of just watching cop shows filmed in New York and L.A. and listening to AM radio.

  5. Submitted by Hiram Foster on 05/03/2019 - 07:06 am.

    As I understand it, the big issue confronting Minnesotans is whether people who live in cities condescend to people who don’t.

    • Submitted by Paul Udstrand on 05/05/2019 - 11:12 am.

      “As I understand it, the big issue confronting Minnesotans is whether people who live in cities condescend to people who don’t.”

      I think your understanding might be limited. Rural people tell us the big problem they have with the cities is our “values” and our choo choos. Meanwhile for decades we’ve been pushing out funding for rural programs, infrastructure, and services at to two to three ratio. Decades of trying to fund and support rural communities in crises is weird form of condescension if you ask me.

      We understand math, and we can see what kind of tax base rural Minnesotan’s are coping with. We’ve never complained about the subsidies and funding we pump out to rural Minnesota, and Democrats have ALWAYS been willing to do more- it’s Republicans who’ve cut the budgets.

      If rural Minnesotans want to be more concerned about whether or not I want to marry my boyfriend instead a girlfriend, or whether or not someone in the Twin Cities is getting an abortion; than they are their own infrastructure and health care… so be it. But who’s condescending to whom here?

  6. Submitted by Paul Udstrand on 05/05/2019 - 11:20 am.

    At any rate I think the value of this article to point out the facile nature of the urban/rural divide narrative. Frankly I don’t believe we actually have this big divide, we just have a Republican Party that’s relies on politics of division and hostility, and Democratic Party that’s been asleep at the wheel when it comes to promoting the policies we all need.

    The danger with the politics of division however is that it promotes mutual hostility that displaces compassion. I’m perfectly willing to let people have their own values, but you should know that if I think YOUR values suck, I”m not gonna change MY values so don’t try to use our government to promote your values. Letting gays get married isn’t promoting gay marriage, it’s just letting other people live their lives like everyone else. If you want to make THAT a political problem you will provoke an unfriendly response.

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