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Minimum-wage name game: how top legislators enforce discipline

This is one in a series of articles funded by a grant from the Northwest Area Foundation.

Sen. Chris Eaton

Once legislation passes, few care who sponsored the bill. But for legislators who pushed against years of inertia, taking the bill over the finish line is a small, but important personal reward.

 The honor can become a subtle tool for enforcing caucus discipline — as Brooklyn Center DFL Sen. Chris Eaton says she found out when she lost chief authorship of the recent minimum-wage bill. She sat down with MinnPost last week to talk about how the sausage was made.

As the Senate bill’s chief author, Eaton says she was in the middle of the contentious negotiations for more than a year between House and Senate Democrats. A metro-area legislator, Eaton often found herself stuck between her own desire to see a dramatic wage increase — the House position — and her mostly rural Senate caucus’s concerns.

“I was having a really hard time moving the Senate. I was kind of negotiating against myself because I agreed with the House version but I didn’t have the votes in the Senate until the end, when [Senate Majority Leader Tom] Bakk got behind it and started working votes,” Eaton said.

The final Senate floor vote proved bittersweet for Eaton. While the deal raised state’s wage from $6.15 per hour to $9.50 by 2016 and indexed it to inflation — Eaton’s priorities — Assistant Senate Majority Leader Jeff Hayden of Minneapolis presented the minimum wage bill to the chamber.

Eaton said she felt “a little” disappointment in leadership’s move to give the minimum wage bill to someone else. “I’d put a lot of work into it, so to lose the chief authorship seems kind of petty,” she said.

Bakk explains that legislative rules required a new “vehicle,” or bill, because the final deal included provisions not heard in committee.

“The final deal … was an agreement between myself and the speaker — and that is not unusual for very-high-profile bills, ultimately being negotiated out between the two leaders,” Bakk says.

Hayden had become the good soldier for the Senate Democrats on minimum wage this session, representing their concerns in negotiations about everything from small-employer and training wages to indexing the wage to inflation. 

Still, Eaton believes she was also pushed off the bill because she didn’t see eye-to-eye with Senate DFL leadership and the caucus on the issue.

Asked if Eaton’s bill position had anything to do with her being left off, Bakk replied, “We don't talk about what happens in the caucus outside of that door. I don't and members shouldn't. We had several closed caucuses on the minimum wage issue and when we have a closed caucus we don't discuss that with anybody.”

He added, “She never asked to be the author of the Hayden bill. Had she asked, I would have probably considered it. I would have went to Senator Hayden and asked him what he thought, but she never made that request.” 

A big part of the reason Eaton wanted to carry the minimum wage bill in the first place was to help women, she said, who make up about 60 percent of hourly minimum wage workers in the state. “It’s largely an agreement that will benefit women in the state, so it’s fitting that the women legislators here are largely responsible for its content,” Eaton said the day the wage deal was announced.

Minimum Wage: Too low or too costly?“It was a tough spot — especially since a lot of people who disagreed with my positions and were pretty stuck in were people from greater Minnesota, some of them [Iron] Rangers, who run the Senate, and some from the southern part of the state,” Eaton said. “I understand their perspective, and I understand the border issues, but if you look at the economies in all the states around us, everything we are doing is apparently right, because we are outmatching them in every way you look at it.”

Eaton said she’s mostly happy with the bill’s final provisions, but she noted she would have also liked to see the workweek defined as just 40 hours instead of 48.

Increasing the wage is only the start of things Eaton wants to do to close economic disparities in the state: “Once it gets up to $9.50 it will only be three quarters of the federal poverty level. It’s not like we are making anybody rich here.”

“The outcome was the important piece,” Eaton added. “Rep. [Ryan] Winkler and I said from the beginning, ‘If we have to get up there and give someone else total credit for it, we don’t care, we just want the outcome.’”

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Comments (5)

Front-running in the MN Senate ?

Shocking, just shocking !!

Thanks to Eaton et. al., the real heroes, who did the heavy lifting when there was no public spotlight on them.

Standing fast for Minnesota workers.

This isn't the first time Sen. Eaton has stood fast against the pressure of DFL leadership and supported the genuine interests of Minnesotans. She didn't back down when Sen. Bakk sold us down the river with the Vikings stadium and she stayed a righteous course with this minimum wage bill. In the end, they had to take it away from her to keep it from becoming what it should have been.
Having followed the ugly path this legislation has taken, it's going to be nausea inducing to witness how loudly the DFL will trumpet it in the fall election season. I'll always appreciate those like Chris Eaton who demonstrate a moral compass, but until the DFL rediscovers it's soul somehow, I'll be on the lookout for alternatives at the polls.

Minimum wage

Senator Eaton is one of the hardest working Senators at the Capital. It is obvious too many of us, she is there to work for her constituents Minnesota and not tow the line for the party!..Thanks Chris..and shame on Bakk..

Sen. Eaton gets something

...that many others do not. People are our most valuable infrastructure and at every turn she is fearlessly looking out for Minnesotans. Others can sweep in at the last minute and take credit, but down the line it's Sen. Eaton who people will remember for the considerable heart she puts into everything she does.

Not enough of an increase

Typical politicians wanting credit for who got this done, just so they could keep being career bureaucrats. If they really cared they would have raised it to $27.79 an hour which is what it should be based upon all reputable studies. Then the poor could stop being poor.