Supporters of immigrant driver’s licenses wait on fate of transportation bill provision

Minnesota legislators need to change state law if undocumented workers are going to get a driver’s license.

Buried in the Senate’s omnibus transportation bill is a small item of huge importance to a voiceless group of Minnesotans who once tried to stay invisible. 

The language in the bill would allow undocumented workers to get specially designed driver’s licenses. Each year, more and more of the workers show up at the Capitol pleading with legislators to give back an avenue to a license, which, they say, was taken away in 2008. Each year they seem to come closer, but somehow always fall just short of their goal. 

“Transportation is almost a human rights issue,” said Sen. Patricia Torres Ray, DFL-St. Paul, who has carried the driver’s license legislation in the past. “It’s an especially important issue in rural Minnesota.”

The reason: In the cities, there are transit systems that allow most workers to get from homes to work, to schools, to doctors, to the grocery store. In rural Minnesota, where immigrants (some documented, some not) get work on farms and in packing plants, the car remains the only method of transportation.

Chamber, ACLU among supporters

The issue is of such importance that groups as divergent as the Minnesota Chamber of Commerce, the American Civil Liberties Union, the United Commercial and Food Workers Union and a number of religious organizations all support the issuance of licenses.

And yet undocumented immigrants remain a political football.

Gov. Tim Pawlenty was among the first to use the undocumented immigrants as a way to score political points. In 2008, Pawlenty — who had his eyes on being the Republican Party’s vice presidential candidate — issued a series of executive orders to show he was willing to get tough on undocumented immigrants. It was at that point, supporters of licenses for the undocumented say, that getting a driver’s license in Minnesota became virtually impossible.

When he became governor, Mark Dayton allowed many of Pawlenty’s orders to simply expire. But he’s always been of two minds on the driver’s license issue.

“He’s come a long way,” said Torres Ray, “but he has a strong personal conviction that those individuals who take the risks to come here to find work but don’t have proper documentation shouldn’t have the same entitlements that others have.” 

In Legislature’s hands

That means the decision involving a large number of the approximately 90,000 undocumented immigrants in Minnesota has been left in the hands of the Legislature. Legislators need to change state law if undocumented workers are going to get licenses.  

Last year, when the DFL held majorities in both the House and Senate, House DFLers got timid and didn’t move a bill. Paul Thissen, who was Speaker of the House at the time, and Kurt Daudt, who was minority leader and is now House Speaker, sent a letter to a leader of Pillsbury United Communities almost promising action on the bill this session.

“Given the short legislative session and the complicated nature of the policy change in question, however, we have run out of time to move the bill through the legislative process this year,” Thissen and Daudt wrote in 2014. “ … We understand the importance of this legislation for many immigrant families in Minnesota. Therefore, we commit to continuing conversations with advocates for the bill and legislators from both parties so that members of the public as well as members of the legislature have a better understanding of the impact this bill would have on so many members of the Latino community. …” 

The thoughts behind the letter were very nice. But there hasn’t been much action since. The bill was never moved from the House Transportation Committee. In fact, no vote on the bill was even taken by the committee.

Unintended consequences

Over time, the issue has created all sorts of unintended consequences.

One is that many undocumented immigrants now drive without a license, meaning they drive without insurance. Various law enforcement leaders have testified that this has become a public safety issue.

Another consequence has been the growth of a political movement. Torres Ray says the “heroes” in all of this are the women in Mesa Latina. “They’ve made an extraordinary effort across all of Minnesota,” Ray said. “They’ve gone across the state telling people, ‘This process is open to all of us, come here, to St. Paul and talk to the lawmakers.’ There have been hundreds of people coming here.”

Throughout recent sessions, sign-toting activists have been a constant presence in the halls or the Capitol and state office building. Since Tuesday night, they have been staying in a shelter in front of the Capitol around the clock trying to get their message across to legislators and to the public at large.

“It was cold and the wind made it feel colder,” said Georgina Hernandez of Minneapolis, “but we think it’s worth it. It’s important that people hear us.” 

Hernandez, and many like her, say there are two audiences they’re trying to reach. There are, of course, the legislators. But they also are trying to reach out to immigrants across the state, most of whom come from places where approaching government officials is either folly or dangerous.

Different from regular license

The driver’s license being sought would be different from those issued to most Minnesotans. It would be clearly labeled “for driving purposes only” and could not be used as a form of identification for purposes of voting. (Fear of voter fraud has been raised as a reason to prevent issuance of the licenses.)

And the licenses would not be a panacea. For example, Torres Ray said there is concern among some immigrant organizations that a distinct driving-only license would almost label some immigrants as “undocumented,” which would be an invitation to Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials to move in.

But the potential rewards are seen as greater than the risks. A license would mean passing a test, which would mean better understanding of the rules of the roads. A license would mean the ability to purchase insurance, which would not only benefit the undocumented, but also those involved in accidents with the uninsured motorists. That license remains just out of the reach of people who no longer are quite so invisible.

Comments (4)

  1. Submitted by Michael Hess on 05/15/2015 - 11:00 am.

    marking

    these licences need to say for driving only across the front.. I have heard this would be on the back and they expect to train everyone to check back a d front when a lot of people (like me) keep it in their wallet and just flash it When needed. This may help allay fears of how this could be used beyond its intent.

  2. Submitted by Ilya Gutman on 05/15/2015 - 07:09 pm.

    Other options

    OK, they are voiceless… but for a reason, I guess: people living in Australia do not have any voice in Minnesota politics and there should be no difference (actually, Australians should have more to say since they did not break American laws). “Transportation is almost a human rights issue,” – sure, in this case government must provide a free car to everyone, right?

    Of course, many illegal immigrants drive without insurance – but so do many other people who lost their licenses or failed their road tests. Should they all get them back just to let them buy insurance? And if they are stopped, they may go to jail for driving without a license… So why is it different for illegal immigrants?

    And by the way, where do all those illegal immigrants driving if they do not have the right to work?

    • Submitted by John Appelen on 05/16/2015 - 06:24 pm.

      Alleluia

      90,000 people who are illegally taking jobs from MN’s poor, and liberals want to give them a driver’s license? I will never understand.

      • Submitted by Anette Hoag on 12/26/2015 - 11:12 am.

        Taking jobs from MN’s poor?

        There is a lot of jobs in MN! Whoever doesn’t have a job is because they don’t want to work. I’m sorry I’m not trying to start something here but, seriously us Americans don’t want to work for minimum wage. We don’t want our children to grow up and end up working in a farm, a fast food restaurant, housekeeper, cleaning the windows to high buildings where many have died or in roofing (even more deaths).

        Now I do agree with them taking the drivers test in English and maybe even take English classes in case they get pulled over or have an accident they can comunicate with others involved.

        How sad that a lot of people are so cold hearted! Most immigrants come for a better life and everyone knows that. However has anyone asked themselves why? What’s so bad about their country? Not all immigrants are the same! My point is that their families are starving, some are so poor that they can’t send their kids to school and when the kids grow up they can’t even get a good job because they don’t even know how to read.
        In some countries families are being killed (not just adults but kids too).

        Yes everyone is entitled to their own opinion! Freedom of speech right? But wow it amazes me how people still think. If anyone has a right to vote (my opinion) is Natives.

        John I’m sorry I posted all this on your comment! I just started typing and kept going. I didn’t realize I was still on your post. Sorry again. Hope you had a Merry Christmas ☺

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