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$341 million, the easy way: How Southwest light rail (sort of) got its budget back on track

Met Council Chair Adam Duininck
MinnPost photo by Peter Callaghan
Met Council Chair Adam Duininck talking to project director Craig Lamothe and communications advisor John Schadl following Wednesday's meeting.

In the end, what were going to be painful cuts in the Southwest Light Rail project turned out not to be so painful after all.

Not that removing $250 million from the project budget didn’t take some sacrifice by the six cities along the line between Minneapolis and Eden Prairie. But in a plan finalized Wednesday, only one of the proposed 17 stations was eliminated — the Mitchell Road station in Eden Prairie — while another at Town Center was deferred. In addition, a number of parking ramps became surface lots, a significant bike bridge in Minneapolis was lost, the number of light rail cars was reduced and money for art, station furnishings and landscaping was reduced.

Yet compared to what had been on the table over the past two months to get the project budget back to around $1.65 billion, the final recommendations by the project’s Corridor Management Committee kept far more than it cut.

What was cut, what was kept

What was preserved? All of the stations in Minneapolis that had once been suggested as targets: Royalston, Van White and Penn Avenue. All will remain in the project. An elevator and stair connection from Lake Street to the tracks below was kept. And a seemingly inevitable plan to chop the final two stations at the end of the line in Eden Prairie to capture the needed savings was altered. The line will now end at Eden Prairie’s Southwest Station, near an existing transit center.

Minneapolis opposed any station cuts within the city, arguing that they create the best opportunities to offer meaningful transit connections to North Minneapolis. Eden Prairie wanted the line to reach Southwest because it provide access to more jobs and residents and it can better handle additional parking and bus service than would a terminus at Town Center.

“With that combination of changes, the core functionality of the line is preserved,” said Hennepin County Commissioner Peter McLaughlin. “We’re gonna have a successful line once it is up and running.”

Wednesday’s vote caps a two month process triggered by an updated budget released April 27, an update that pegged the cost of Southwest LRT just shy of $2 billion. That unwelcome news caused Gov. Mark Dayton to question the validity of the project, and to order reviews of the project itself, its budget and the capabilities of the Southwest Project Office staff. Now, after those reviews have been completed, the new project scope is expected to be adopted by the Metropolitan Council when it meets July 8.

Metropolitan Council
In a plan finalized Wednesday, only one of the proposed 17 stations was eliminated — the Mitchell Road station in Eden Prairie — while another at Town Center was deferred.

Cities pitch in to reach goal

How did the members of the Corridor Management Committee, made up of elected officials from the six communities along the route, accomplish what was thought impossible a week ago: reach the Southwest Station while maintaining other amenities — and still cut $341 million from the budget?

By not cutting $341 million. The proposed cuts actually leave the project short of the goal — to match the previous budget of $1.65 billion — by some $80 million. To get to that target, the elected officials engaged in some budgetary sleight-of-hand in ways that will increase the money that will come from the federal government. For example, the rail right-of-way owned by Hennepin County now will be counted as a $30 million “contribution,” which will beget matching dollars from the federal government.

McLaughlin, in a move that he compared to a public radio pledge drive, then asked the cities along the line to commit to contributions to cover the final budget amount. Since each added local dollar would be matched by the feds under a planned 50 percent federal participation, each city’s contribution would essentially be counted as double the dollar value.

Hennepin County went first, offering $5 million from an environmental mitigation fund, plus an additional $3 million. Eden Prairie Mayor Nancy Tyra-Lukens then offered to donate property worth $3 million; Minnetonka Mayor Terry Schneider said his city could find $2 million; Hopkins City Council Member Jason Gadd offered $500,000; and St. Louis Park City Council Member Jake Spano suggested the city could contribute “a couple million dollars.” Edina Mayor James Hovland didn’t specify an amount, but offered a motion that all cities would work with their city councils and make specific commitments to the budget fund by July 31.

Mayor Nancy Tyra-Lukens, Met Council Member Jennifer Munt
MinnPost photo by Peter Callaghan
Eden Prairie Mayor Nancy Tyra-Lukens, center, and Met Council Member Jennifer Munt, right, shown following Wednesday's meeting.

“It might have been an easier math problem to cut the line at Golden Triangle or at Town Center,” Spano said. “It would have been easier from a math standpoint. But we here in the room don’t believe that’s in the best interest of the project. We believe getting the line to Southwest is important.”

The only city opting out of this municipal passing of the hat was Minneapolis. Speaking for Mayor Betsy Hodges, who wasn’t in attendance, policy director Peter Wagenius said the city has contributed enough by giving up the Cedar Lake Trail bike overpass, and by acquiescing on the co-locating of freight and light rail in the Kenilworth Channel.

“The package that has been developed, including the deletion of the bike bridge for the Cedar Lake Trail, is something the mayor can support,” Wagenius said after the meeting. “But we just wanted there to be no confusion that when both Eden Prairie and Minneapolis are making huge contributions — financial and otherwise — there isn’t going to be a cash contribution on top of that.”

The committee kept the projected 2040 ridership well above 30,000 per weekday — coming in at 34,074 — and maintained other measurements to retain the project’s current rating of medium-high by the Federal Transit Administration. A drop in the rating might have pushed the line down the list among projects competing for federal dollars.

“We have not compromised our position with the federal government at all,” McLaughlin said.

After the meeting, Adam Duininck — who chairs both the Corridor Management Committee and the Met Council — said the budget cutting was difficult but worthwhile. “It’s been a challenge but I also think it was an opportunity for us as a region to show that when we have these big challenges in front of us we can come together and work through them. It could have been a really unproductive conversation, it could have ground this project to a halt. But what you saw was people stepping up and responding and being forward looking.”

Dayton's support expected

What now? If the Met Council approves the new project scope next week as expected, the staff will present the new numbers to the FTA to make sure it is still something the feds will support. And because the cuts were reduced in scope, only Eden Prairie and Hennepin County must repeat the municipal consent process. Elected leaders of both governments said they expect consent to be granted. Minneapolis, which had the most-contested municipal consent process last fall, will not need to repeat the process.

And what about Dayton, who voiced skepticism about the project just a few months ago? Duininck said he has been briefing the governor about the project changes. “I think he’ll continue to support the project,” Duininck said. “I think he’ll see the reductions we made as being responsible and making sense.”

Metropolitan Council

The final money issue is the last piece of local funding not yet committed — the state’s 10 percent share set at $160 million. That was called into question in April when the Legislature not only failed to add the final $120 million of its share, but cut nearly $30 million that had been appropriated in 2013.

Duininck said the Met Council and the cities on the line still hope to persuade the Legislature to be a partner. But when the staff presents the updated budget to the FTA later this month, it will include the use of “certificates of participation” as a possible replacement of the state contribution. Those are financing mechanisms that are sold to investors and repaid over time with revenue — perhaps from future state appropriations, perhaps from a part of the Met Council’s regular motor vehicle sales tax revenue.

“The plan is to not use them until next year and we hope to not use them ever at all,” Duininck said. “But it is an important mechanism to show that we can, if need be, provide a state share.”  

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Comments (10)

Southwest light rail

Can someone let me know where I can find a breakdown of who the beneficiaries of this massive spending project will be? I would like to know who will get paid to build it, what the composition of the work force that builds it will likely be, what the estimates of the ridership are in terms of race and income, if possible, and, in general, why this is essential vs. improved bus service. Thanks!

And, yes, I understand why elected officials will do whatever is necessary to spend this money in this way rather than find alternatives for such a massive investment of tax dollars.

I doubt good information exists

I truly doubt it is possible to get good information on most of what you would want. There doesn't seem to be any clear information on even the basics for these types of projects such as traditional cost/benefit analysis verses other modes or simply not building. I have never been able to find data on either the blue or green lines relative to overall capacity of the Hiawatha or University corridors before and after construction of the rail projects there. Something that any basic planning should include.

These projects are never done for rational measured reasons. They are basically aesthetic and political battles which use transportation systems as an ideological battle ground. Not wholly different from public funding for stadiums.

Good information exists

These things are all in the various studies: Alternatives Analysis, DEIS, SDEIS and so on. Just takes some reading and, you know, work to understand it.

As to the original question, there is excellent information about station demographics, a housing inventory, number of jobs in each station are, projected development and land use -- a treasure trove of current and future conditions. If one is willing to get past one's biases.

I have never seen it

I have never seen good information and have looked. If you can provide actual sources I would love to read them. So far everything I have seen is very limited and never provide a complete picture.

Problem of arguing from ignorance

It is discouraging to see how many posters argue that something doesn't exist because they haven't seen it. I haven't personally dug into the topics raised here, but information presented at Corridor Management Committee meetings indicates an amazing wealth of research and information behind this project. Delving into it would indeed be hard work. But a good place to start would be the Green Line Extension project office ( swlrt@metrotransit.org).

What is actually discouraging

What is actually discouraging is having someone claim something exists despite having never seen it.

I have been through just about everything on the Southwest LRT Community Works site including the archives. That in turn has led me to find how various federal formulas interlace in to local transit. Despite this and asking specific questions at various presentations, forums and community outreach events I have found the basic questions I have asked can not be answered. Rather than finding objective data and a clear understanding of how that data let to decisions it has ended up being mainly a lesson in how political bodies can dress political decisions in a thin veneer of pseudo engineering.

It is about political positioning, not good information. It is about what can be sold to the majority, not what has value. We managed to spend billions on publicly funded stadiums despite the fact that they have zero net economic benefit so it is very reasonable to assume large scale transit projects would't need to be of any actual benefit in order to gain support.

This has the entire DEIS, it

This has the entire DEIS, it is several PDF files, I'm not sure if you wanted twice the detail, but here is a good place to start. http://www.metrocouncil.org/Transportation/Projects/Current-Projects/Sou...

For more info, here is the supplemental EIS http://metrocouncil.org/swlrt/sdeis

Further info on the project generally, or all records since the Hennepin County handover to the Met Council (at least) http://www.metrocouncil.org/Transportation/Projects/Current-Projects/Sou...

Read it

I have read through all of that and more previously. It is primarily information on how to build the line after the decision to pursue it was decided. Very little has been done to justify building it in the first place. There are a lot of off-handed references to things that are "desired" or to other plans but what I have been able to dig up there is continually vague and obviously more political than rational. Often the assumptions each report starts with are so prescriptive of the solution that the major base questions on which most people disagree are not dealt with. For instance even the MN/DOT report indicate that they are working to meet goals provided to them for multimodal solutions directed by political bodies, not because they would necessarily provide the most efficient solutions.

What's The Question?

So are you asking how someone first came up with an idea to investigate the line? I have no idea, Hennepin County Regional Rail Authority might be a good place to start.

If this question has been more rhetorical, I would question when we decided we needed to build the Erie canal, railroads, interstates, airports, lock and dam systems, etc. It's largely been political, and getting to this point of detail has been a long journey.

The question

The question is the basic one that is the foundation of so many arguments on transportation issues. How do we evaluate various modes to understand their overall cost and benefit so they can be compared using the same measurements. Nothing I have found does this despite a fair amount of digging. Without this foundational information all of the arguments for one mode or another are simply pointless, they are based not in rational evaluation but on aesthetics and political ideology. Not a recipe for good decisions.

By the way, the first big transportation project the Erie canal was paid for by charging tolls, our freight railways are very good (after the regulatory dark ages that ended in 1980) and privately held, the FAA is paid mostly (75%) by user fees and all fuel and vehicles privately paid for. The argument now seems to be between two modes, freeways and passenger rail, which have rarely if ever had to justify their own economic existence. Forcing both to do so would benefit us all greatly.