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Not adding up: Halfway through session, legislative leaders remain far apart on key issues

MinnPost photo by Briana Bierschbach
Instead of linking the taxes and transportation bill, Senate Majority Leader Tom Bakk wants Republican House Speaker Kurt Daudt to pick which one he wants more.

It’s that point in the Minnesota legislative session when the debate has come down to a very unglamorous subject: math.  

Republicans, who control the state House, recently offered up a budget plan that essentially leaves spending on most state programs flat, reserving a projected $900 million surplus this year open to spend on tax cuts and transportation. DFL Gov. Mark Dayton and the Democrats who control the state Senate want to spend much of that money on things like education and racial equity.

Republicans have criticized Democrats’ ability to do “simple math,” saying Minnesotans expect government to take care of its most basic functions first. Likewise, Democrats criticized Republicans for their budget math, which does not yet include the price of their tax cuts. Democrats expect the Republicans’ proposed tax cuts to cost far more than $900 million surplus available. 

As committees work through the budget numbers, taking a swipe at the other side’s math is a wonky —  if boring — tradition in St. Paul. Yet the underlying numbers illustrate a serious issue going forward: at the halfway point of a historically short 10-week session, Minnesota lawmakers are still miles apart on just about every key issue in front of the Legislature this year. To name a few: 

  • Democrats want to spend $85-$100 million on increasing broadband infrastructure in rural Minnesota; Republicans are proposing to spend around $40 million, some of that in a future budgeting year.
  • Democrats want to spend $91-$100 million to address racial inequalities in the state; Republicans have proposed spending no new money from the surplus on the issue, but point to proposed education reforms and shifted budget funds toward workforce programs this year they say will help close racial gaps in the state.
  • Democrats in the Senate and governor’s office have proposed an approximately $1.4 billion bonding bill for construction projects this year; Republicans want a $600 million bonding bill.
  • Democrats want to increase the state’s gas tax to pay for billions of dollars in transportation projects over the next decade; Republicans say that can be done with money the state already has.

There are other factors that complicate getting any deals done. Technically, it’s not a budgeting year in Minnesota, so nothing has to be done with the surplus money right now, which takes some pressure off legislators to reach agreement. What’s more, all 201 legislative seats are on the ballot in the fall, turning the Capitol into a sort of pre-election staging ground where campaign themes are born. Both sides are already suggesting the other party wants a “do-nothing” session in order to use it as a campaign issue this fall.

“I’d like to see a successful session. Minnesotans expect that, they have a right to it,” Dayton, who is not up for re-election, told reporters Monday. “But it’s very difficult when you have a divided government and people with very different ideas and ideologies.”

Surplus spending plans compared
Gov. Mark DaytonSenate DemocratsHouse Republicans
Courts and Corrections57,000,00045,000,0001,000,000
Cyber Security46,000,00000
Human Services19,000,00043,300,0000
Debt Service/Bonding21,000,000Bill not priced yet3,140,000
Higher Education56,000,00047,700,0000
Equity 100,000,00091,000,0000
Local Government47,000,00000
State Government 44,000,00030,000,000-9,500,000
Transportation 14,000,00031,500,000Bill not priced yet
Agriculture, Environment and Natural Resources67,500,00060,000,0005,830,000
Tax Reductions 117,000,000300,000,000Bill not priced yet
Total spending in 2016-2017:$698,000,000$789,000,000$2,000,000
*Part of the $40 million proposed for broadband by the House GOP is spent during the 2018-19 budgeting cycle.

Taxes ‘linked’ to other issues

The fear of a “do-nothing session” isn’t unfounded after what happened last year. Back then, Republicans wanted to pass more than $2 billion in tax cuts; Democrats wanted to increase gas taxes to pay for road and bridge projects for the next decade. When the two sides couldn’t find agreement on either, those issues were pushed aside in order to pass a budget without going into a government shutdown.

Those issues are back on the table again, basically back where they left off last year. And many still see transportation, taxes and now a third issue — bonding — as inextricably tied together. For example, Republicans want to include significant money for road and bridge infrastructure in their bonding bill, while Democrats include a tax increase in their transportation bill.

“There won’t be a bonding bill if there’s not a tax bill and a transportation bill,” said Rep. Greg Davids, R-Preston, chair of the House Taxes Committee. “I’ve been saying that for months and months. People say, ‘Oh are you linking them?’ I said, ‘Yeah, they’re linked.’”

Even if the proposals are linked, Davids said he’s optimistic. He named his tax bill after the Journey song, “Don’t Stop Believin,” — a sentiment Davids says he still holds about the legislation. “I think my tax bill was aptly named back in 2015, even though I had no clue it would be going this long,” he said. “I believe we can get something done.”

But part of the problem goes back to, yes, the math. On taxes, Dayton has proposed a $117 million package with a credit for child care and education expenses, Senate Democrats want a $300 million proposal with property tax relief and credits for veterans; Davids is still waiting on a final tax budget target from House leadership. The House bill passed last year was worth more than $2 billion in tax cuts, but that was spread out over two years, and projections for tax collections have changed since then. Davids is hoping for a final bill somewhere in the $400-$600 million range.

Senate Majority Leader Tom Bakk said the House tax numbers are “woefully inaccurate.”

“They continue to talk about all the things they are going to do in the tax area, [well] show me the money,” Bakk said. “Because it just isn’t there.” 

Tough math on bonding bill

In his spare time, Bakk has also been doing another kind of math: Vote counting. He closely watched the House’s vote earlier this session to extend unemployment benefits to miners on the Iron Range, an industry that’s in the midst of a severe downturn. In all, 17 Republicans voted against granting the unemployment benefits extensions.

To Bakk, that means those are going to be tough votes to get for things like spending bills and the the bonding bill. “That tells me they’re not willing to spend on anything,” he said. “Nothing.”

By Bakk’s calculations, that could be a particular problem for the bonding bill, which requires a three-fifths majority to pass. That means the parties in control of each chamber need help from the opposing side to pass a bill. If there’s more than a dozen Republicans who won’t vote for a bonding bill, Bakk said, it means Daudt has to get even more votes from House Democrats.

That won’t happen without them moving their $600 million bonding target closer to the $1 billion-plus proposal Bakk and Dayton want, he said. “They are going to come our direction. They are going to come a long ways our direction.”

Transportation stuck in the middle

And still bouncing between the bonding, budget and tax debate is transportation. Republicans are still rejecting the idea of a gas tax increase and promoting the transportation budget bill they passed last year, which proposes spending $7 billion over 10 years through bonding and a transfer of $300 million in sales taxes on auto parts and repairs into road and bridge accounts.

After Senate Democrats released their budget plan, Daudt criticized them for not including more spending in their budget targets for transportation. “With a $900 million surplus, I cannot believe Democrats are spending almost nothing on roads and bridges,” he said.

But House Republicans have yet to redo their math on the transportation bill to figure out how much it will cost in the new year. House Ways and Means Chairman Jim Knoblach, R-St. Cloud, said he’s waiting on word from leadership to hear what their total target will be this session. 

“Now we are at the point where the proverbial rubber meets the road, I guess that’s a good metaphor for transportation, right?” Knoblach said. “I think there’s a lot of discussion going on early. I don’t think anyone wants to get down to the last days like we did last year. I certainly don’t want to.”

But with the state’s revised budget forecast in February, which cut the projected surplus from $1.2 billion down to $900 million, Bakk said he’s worried about the state’s fiscal integrity in years to come. He doesn’t want to commit to much money in “the tails,” a legislative term for future budgets. So instead of linking the taxes and transportation bill, Bakk wants Republican House Speaker Kurt Daudt to pick which one he wants more.

“He is going to have to figure out which bill he wants, the transportation bill or the tax bill,” Bakk said. “Because there’s not enough money for both.” 

Comments (9)

  1. Submitted by Jim Million on 04/19/2016 - 10:52 am.

    Not to Worry

    These guys love to cram the last three days and nights of any session.

    Don’t know about his one though, simply because the plumbing isn’t working yet, is it?

  2. Submitted by Ron Gotzman on 04/19/2016 - 11:13 am.

    DFL is in a rut…..

    It sounds like the DFL want to “tax more and spend more.”

    • Submitted by Frank Phelan on 04/19/2016 - 03:54 pm.

      Stopping The Slide, or Econ 101

      The gas tax has been falling for years. As it is levied not in terms of a percent of the retail price of a gallon of gas but as a flat cents/gallon, inflation has eaten away at it’s value as well it’s cost per hour of labor.

      Unfortunately, highway heavy contractors have not been keeping their bids level even though we’ve kept the gas tax level. Shockingly, they have increased their bids each year as their capital, material and labor costs have risen.

      While the gas tax has not increased since 2008 (only the 2nd increase since 1996), I doubt most of us would like to go back to our annual income from 2008.

      But “DFL Raises Taxes” fits better on a bumper sticker.

      • Submitted by Jim Million on 04/19/2016 - 06:32 pm.

        “as a flat cents/gallon”

        gas tax revenue has fallen and increased with pump volumes.

        As % of pump price, it would have fallen dramatically this past year.

  3. Submitted by Jim Bernstein on 04/19/2016 - 01:46 pm.

    Not So To “Tax more and spend more”!

    The DFL leadership is proposing only one tax increase: the gasoline tax which will pay for the roads and bridges that Republicans claim they want. The gasoline tax is the ultimate user tax and for many years, was viewed by DFL’ers and traditional Republicans as the proper vehicle to fund road and bridge maintenance. Spending one-time budget surplus money on roads and bridges (which have the gas tax as a standing source of revenue) instead of critical needs that do not have such a funding mechanism is a very foolish idea.

  4. Submitted by Logan Foreman on 04/19/2016 - 03:57 pm.

    Daudt and his group do not

    Want to help the economy by providing better transportation fixes for the state. They want to be Pawlenty II and destroy the economy. Recall those pathetic 8 years, including a certain bridge collapse.

  5. Submitted by Ray Schoch on 04/19/2016 - 04:31 pm.


    I like Frank Phelan’s summary of the gas tax issue. Maybe a reminder to Republicans that highway contractors are… ahem… private sector entities. As soon as Republicans can get their business colleagues to agree to keep prices stable (I think that’s illegal, but never mind…), I’d support the idea of keeping the gas tax stable. Roads are crumbling all over the state, and Republicans want to pay to fix them by taking the lunch of some poor kid in St. Paul. I’m also reminded that Republicans campaigned on the issue of service to “greater Minnesota.” We see now, especially in the rural broadband numbers, that the Republican idea of service is “You’re on your own.”

  6. Submitted by Bill Kahn on 04/19/2016 - 04:40 pm.

    Republicans really ought to come up with their own funding scheme if they don’t like the gas tax, and make their case for it. Given that energy conservation demands less, not more spent on fuel and that commercial traffic is the most punishing use of transportation infrastructure, perhaps a shift to the sales tax for funding and making the gas tax depend on distance from the Metro areas of the state, where commuting demands more dense infrastructure to build and maintain, makes some sense.

    Other than spouting the typical dogma, there’s nothing sensible about them, no workable solutions to be found by Republicans.

    GOP legislators just want to cut all taxes and not pay for them, and that is not rational; it cannot be tolerated in a state that long took care of this stuff in bipartisan fashion before insanity took hold and made their party an implicit death cult.

    • Submitted by Chad Quigley on 04/20/2016 - 01:45 pm.

      The GOP does have a plan to fund the building and repair of the roads and bridges. Just because MPR, Minnpost, and the DFL don’t report on it, doesn’t mean there isn’t a plan.

      Here’s another plan, why don’t transit riders, you know those that ride the train and buses, start footing some of the bill for their their mode of transportation instead of relying on vehicle drivers? Stop spending vehicle taxes (license, registration, leasing, etc.) on transit and start spending it on roads and bridges where it belongs.

      Also, the DFL have overtaxed this state billions of dollars the past few years so why should there be any tax increase on anything? It just goes to prove that liberals are never happy unless they are taxing and spending more.

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