All the strokes in the study were ischemic, the most common kind. An ischemic stroke occurs when a blood clot blocks a blood vessel to the brain.
“We found that changing to a healthy lifestyle, even in your 50s, still has the potential to prevent strokes,” says Goodarz Danael, the study’s lead author.
The findings are based on data collected during an 18-year period from more than 48,000 British adults, of whom about a third were vegetarians.
Although the research comes with some important caveats, it is troubling nonetheless, particularly for American workers, who are among the most overworked in the developed world.
An injured right hand may explain why da Vinci never finished one of his most iconic paintings, the Mona Lisa.
The evidence for the idea that moderate drinking is not only good for us, but better than abstaining, has always been weak. This new study shows just how weak that evidence may have been.
The study also found that women aged 50 and older who consume multiple diet drinks daily are at increased risk of heart disease and an early death from any cause.
“This study demonstrates that there is insufficient evidence to recommend routine aspirin use in the prevention of heart attacks, stroke and cardiovascular deaths in people without cardiovascular disease,” said Dr. Sean Zheng, the study’s lead author.
“People may think they need to spend a lot of time lifting weights, but just two sets of bench presses that take less than five minutes could be effective,” says Duck-Chul Lee, the study’s senior author.
Sleep irregularity “may represent a target for early identification and prevention of cardiometabolic disease,” the study’s authors conclude.
In the study, a preventive regimen of daily aspirin did not lower the risk of having a heart attack or stroke, but it did significantly increase the risk of bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract or brain.
When the fish oil is snake oil.
“I hope our study findings help … encourage people to use proven methods to reduce their risk of cardiovascular diseases — such as eating more fruits and vegetables, exercising and avoiding tobacco,” said lead author Dr. Joonseok Kim.
Among men with cardiometabolic disease, those who were experiencing job strain were 68 percent more likely to die over the course of the study than those without job strain.
These findings cast doubt on the controversial concept of “healthy obesity” — the idea that it’s possible to be fit and healthy even if you’re obese.
The findings are just the latest in a long string of evidence that has undercut the longstanding idea that vitamin and mineral supplements act as a form of “insurance” against chronic disease.
A study found participants who reported extreme annoyance with loud noises were more likely to have a diagnosis of atrial fibrillation — 14.6 percent vs. 23.4 percent.
The study also found links between alcohol consumption and specific types of cardiovascular disease, specifically heart failure, stroke, fatal aortic aneurysms and fatal hypertensive disease.
The study involved more than 130,000 people aged 35 to 70 from urban and rural areas in 17 countries.
Three out of four states — including Minnesota — have seen the progress they’ve made in reducing stroke deaths stall or reverse in recent years.