Francis pressed the limits of what an African American woman was permitted to achieve in early twentieth-century Minnesota.
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The memorial was part of the Scandinavian American community’s efforts to credit their ancestors — not Christopher Columbus — with the “discovery” of the Americas.
There have always been people in Minnesota, as in the rest of the world, who have lived outside perceived norms of gender and sexuality; the words used to name them have changed over time.
By midcentury, due to the popularity of 18 professional bands with local roots, New Ulm was referred to as the Polka Capital of the Nation.
The finished product — 2,770 feet long, 191 feet tall at its highest point, and made mostly of wrought iron — made the High Bridge a marvel of its time for the combination of height and length.
Despite any direct evidence, a jury convicted Ruther of the murder of his brother-in-law after just eighty minutes of deliberations.
Grey was best known for initiating the effort to free an enslaved woman named Eliza Winston in 1860.
Mondale was appointed Minnesota attorney general at the age of thirty-two and remained active in politics and public policy for his entire life.
The church has been established two decades prior to give Hastings’ Black community a place of its own for worship.
Eastman later became a published author and popular lecturer.
The plan to manufacture binder twine within the prison arose from many factors: farmers’ demands for cheap twine, political pressure to make the prison profitable, and reformers’ desire to provide skills to incarcerated people.
From a bookstore to a flour mill to railroads and more.
New Ulm is now home to the Minnesota Music Hall of Fame, which honors polka groups and dance orchestras from the state’s past as well as more contemporary musicians.
Frank Boyd was a celebrated organizer in Minnesota for the country’s most influential African American labor union, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, from 1926 to 1951.
Hedgeman was the only woman on the planning committee for the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
Their fourth escape, in 1949, led to eight months of freedom and allowed the two women to live together as a couple while traveling around the United States.
To celebrate the feat, the Rock Island Railroad took a company of journalists and dignitaries on a rail and steamboat journey from the East Coast all the way to St. Paul.
Shepherd was also a candidate for St. Paul alderman but did not win the endorsement of his local Republican organization, something he attributed partially to the color of his skin.
Not all Ojibwe were happy with the treaty, which had been signed far away by a handful of leaders.
The North American fur trade knocked on the door of Mni Sota Makoce (Dakota homelands, present-day Minnesota) in 1679 when Sieur du Lhut (Daniel Greysolon), an emissary of the French government, visited the Dakota village at Bde Wakan (Mille Lacs) and watched the Ojibwe renew their alliance with their Dakota trading partners.