The schools carried out the government’s mission to restructure Indians’ minds and personalities by severing children’s physical, cultural, and spiritual connections to their tribes.
Denise K. Lajimodiere is an enrolled citizen of the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa, Belcourt, North Dakota. She has been involved in education for thirty-eight years as an Elementary teacher and principal, earning her bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate degrees from the University of North Dakota. Dr. Lajimodiere currently works as an assistant professor in the Educational Leadership Program, North Dakota State University, Fargo. She is a current board member of the National Native America Board School Healing Coalition (N-NABS-HC). She is also a traditional jingle dress dancer, a poet (Dragonfly Dance, Michigan State University Press), and a birch bark-biting artist.