The authors of the study also estimate that one in eight early deaths in the U.S. may be linked to people becoming overweight or obese during early and mid-adulthood.
In the study, individuals who ate their last meal of the day at 10 p.m. rather than 6 p.m. burned less fat overnight. They also had higher blood sugar levels.
“Differences between diets are … generally trivial to small, implying that people can choose the diet they prefer from among many of the available diets without concern about the magnitude of benefits,” the study’s authors conclude.
Not getting enough sleep was found to be particularly associated with eating more added sugars and more food in general.
Women appear to benefit even more than men by combining aerobic physical activity with muscle-strengthening exercises.
The study also estimates that no state, including Minnesota, will have an adult obesity rate of less than 35 percent by 2030.
The greater the weight loss, the greater the reduction in risk, although the study found that shedding even a small number of excess pounds — as few as 4.5 — lowered the chances of developing breast cancer.
The study’s findings suggest that PACE labeling could potentially lead the average person to consume about 195 fewer calories per day, the authors write.
That rate means Minnesota is now ranked 30th — along with South Dakota — for adult obesity among all 50 states and the District of Columbia.
The finding underscores the role that “built environments” — the structures and features in our communities — play in the obesity epidemic.
A new study’s results underscore that waist size is too often overlooked when determining weight-related health risks.
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Much of the weight that American adults gain during the winter holidays — an average of 1 to 3 pounds, according to studies — tends to persist afterward, particularly among the people who are overweight.
The results are troubling, given that the majority of calories consumed in the United States now come from ultra-processed foods.
“These cultural messages appeared to augment women’s gut-level feeling that ‘thin’ is good and ‘fat’ is bad,” says Jennifer Bartz, the study’s senior author.
Americans’ overconsumption of sugar is considered a major risk factor for obesity and related cardiometabolic diseases, including heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes.
The study analyzed 1,786 menus items — entrées, side dishes and desserts — offered from 1986 to 2016 at 10 of the most popular fast-food chains in the country.
“Our findings suggest that the common behavior of burning the candle during the week and trying to make up for it on the weekend is not an effective health strategy,” said Kenneth Wright, the study’s senior author.
Six of these cancers — colorectal, endometrial, gallbladder, kidney, multiple myeloma and pancreatic — were found to be occurring at higher rates among adults aged 25 to 49 than in previous generations.
If anything, people who eat breakfast tend to down more calories during the day than those who skip that meal, the study concluded.